Mario Bunge

argentinsko-kanadski filozof i fizičar

Mario Augusto Bunge (/ˈbʊŋɡ/)[1] španski: [ˈbuŋxe]; Florida Oeste, 21. septembar 1919. – Montreal, 24. februar 2020.) je bio argentinsko - kanadski filozof i fizičar. Njegovi filozofski spisi kombinuju naučni realizam, sistemizam, materijalizam, emergentizam i druge principe.

Mario Bunge
Savremena filozofija
Zapadna filozofija
Biografske informacije
Rođenje (1919-09-21) 21. septembar 1919.
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Smrt24. februar 2020(2020-02-24) (100 godina)
Obrazovanje
ŠkolovanjeNational University of La Plata (PhD, 1952)

Bio je zagovornik "egzaktne filozofije":211i kritičar egzistencijalističke, hermeneutičke, fenomenološke filozofije i postmodernizma. :172Bio je popularno poznat po svojim mišljenjima protiv pseudonauke.

Bunge je bio plodan intelektualac, koji je napisao više od 400 radova i 80 knjiga, posebno njegov monumentalni Traktat o osnovnoj filozofiji u osam tomova (1974–1989), sveobuhvatna i rigorozna studija onih filozofskih aspekata koje Bunge smatra jezgrom moderne filozofije: semantika, ontologija, epistemologija, filozofija nauke i etika.[2] U svom Traktatu, Bunge je razvio sveobuhvatan naučni pogled koji je potom primijenio na različite prirodne i društvene nauke.

Njegov rad se zasniva na globalnom sistemizmu, emergentizmu, racionalizmu, naučnom realizmu, materijalizmu i konsekvencijalizmu.[3] Bunge je više puta i eksplicitno negirao da je logički pozitivac, [4] i pisao o metafizici.[5]

ReferenceUredi

  1. ^ Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: Prazna referenca (pomoć) Interview with Bunge in which the interviewer gives a pronunciation of his name.
  2. ^ "Fellows: Mario A. Bunge". John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. Arhivirano s originala, June 22, 2011. Pristupljeno January 29, 2010.
  3. ^ Bunge, Mario (1989). Ethics: The Good and the Right. Treatise on Basic Philosophy. 8. Dordrecht; Boston: D. Reidel. str. xiv. doi:10.1007/978-94-009-2601-1. ISBN 9027728399. OCLC 19354927. This is the last volume of my Treatise on Basic Philosophy, on which I started to work two decades ago. It is consistent with the previous volumes, in particular with the naturalistic, dynamicist, emergentist and systemist ontology, as well as with the realistic and ratioempiricist semantics and epistemology formulated therein.
  4. ^ Bunge 2016: "... mainly because of the vulgar confusion between scientism and positivism, I am often regarded as a positivist despite my many criticisms of positivism. ... When [Gino] Germani invited me to take part in the panel for the conference on science and positivism that he had organized, I assaulted positivism and thus provoked Gino's anger. I had not realized that, in that milieu, positivism was confused with scientism. ... I had read some of the genuine positivists, from Comte, Mach and Duhem to Reichenbach, Carnap and Philipp Rank, and had thoroughly criticized their attempt to interpret physics in anthropocentric terms, from sensation to measurement."
  5. ^ See, for example, volumes 3 and 4 of his Treatise on Basic Philosophy.
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