Članstvo u Kraljevskom društvu

Članstvo u Kraljevskom društvu (FRS, ForMemRS i HonFRS) nagrada je koju sudije Kraljevskog društva u Londonu dodjeljuju pojedincima koji su dali "značajan doprinos poboljšanju prirodnog znanja, uključujući matematiku, inženjerske nauke i medicinske nauke".[1]

Isaac Newton bio je jedan od najranijih članova Kraljevskog društva, izabran 1672.

Članstvo u Društvu, najstarije poznate naučne akademije u kontinuitetu, velika je čast. Dobitnici su mnogi ugledni naučnici kroz historiju, uključujući Isaaca Newtona (1672),[2] Charlesa Darwina (1839),[2] Michaela Faradaya (1824),[2] Ernesta Rutherforda (1903),[3] Srinivasa Ramanujana (1918),[4] Albert Einstein (1921),[5] Paul Dirac (1930), Winston Churchill (1941), Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar (1944),[6] Dorothy Hodgkin (1947),[7] Alan Turing (1951),[8] Lise Meitner (1955) [9] i Francis Crick (1959).[10][11] U novije vrijeme članstvo su dobili Stephen Hawking (1974), David Attenborough (1983), Tim Hunt (1991), Elizabeth Blackburn (1992), Tim Berners-Lee (2001), Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (2003), Atta-ur Rahman (2006),[12] Andre Geim (2007),[13] James Dyson (2015), Ajay Kumar Sood (2015), Subhash Khot (2017), Elon Musk (2018),[14] i ukupno oko 8.000 drugih,[2] uključujući preko 280 nobelovaca od 1900. Po podacima iz oktobra 2018, ima približno 1.689 živih članova, stranih i počasnih članova, od kojih je preko 60 nobelovaca.[15]

Članstvo u Kraljevskom društvu The Guardian je opisao kao "ekvivalent Oscara za životno djelo",[16] a nekoliko institucija svake godine slavi njihovu objavu.[17][18][19][20][21][22][23]

Stephen Hawking izabran je za člana 1974. godine [24]
Jennifer Doudna izabrana je za stranu članicu 2016
Bill Bryson izabran je za počasnog člana 2013
David Attenborough izabran je 1983. godine za člana, prema ranijem statutu 12

ReferenceUredi

  1. ^ Anon (2015). "Royal Society Elections". London: Royal Society. Arhivirano s originala, 6. 9. 2015.
  2. ^ a b c d Anon (2015). "Fellowship of the Royal Society 1660-2015". London: Royal Society. Arhivirano s originala, 15. 10. 2015.
  3. ^ Eve, A. S.; Chadwick, J. (1938). "Lord Rutherford 1871–1937". Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society. 2 (6): 394–423. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1938.0025.
  4. ^ Neville, Eric Harold (1921). "The Late Srinivasa Ramanujan". Nature. 106 (2673): 661–662. Bibcode:1921Natur.106..661N. doi:10.1038/106661b0.
  5. ^ Whittaker, E. (1955). "Albert Einstein. 1879–1955". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 1: 37–67. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1955.0005. JSTOR 769242.
  6. ^ Tayler, Roger J. (1996). "Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. 19 October 1910 – 21 August 1995". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 42: 80–94. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1996.0006.
  7. ^ Dodson, Guy (2002). "Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin, O.M. 12 May 1910 – 29 July 1994". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 48: 179–219. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2002.0011.
  8. ^ Newman, M. H. A. (1955). "Alan Mathison Turing. 1912–1954". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 1: 253–263. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1955.0019. JSTOR 769256.
  9. ^ "The Royal Society - Fellow Details". The Royal Society. 13. 9. 2020. Arhivirano s originala, 7. 3. 2021. Pristupljeno 22. 10. 2021.
  10. ^ Bretscher, Mark S.; Mitchison, Graeme (2017). "Francis Harry Compton Crick OM. 8 June 1916 – 28 July 2004". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 63: rsbm20170010. doi:10.1098/rsbm.2017.0010. ISSN 0080-4606.
  11. ^ Rich, Alexander; Stevens, Charles F. (2004). "Obituary: Francis Crick (1916–2004)". Nature. 430 (7002): 845–847. Bibcode:2004Natur.430..845R. doi:10.1038/430845a. PMID 15318208.
  12. ^ "Atta-Ur Rahman – Royal Society". Royalsociety.org. Pristupljeno 23. 8. 2018.
  13. ^ "Andre Geim – Royal Society". Royalsociety.org. Pristupljeno 23. 8. 2018.
  14. ^ "Elon Musk – Royal Society". Royalsociety.org. Pristupljeno 23. 8. 2018.
  15. ^ Anon (2007). "Fellowship of the Royal Society: a window on the election process" (PDF). Arhivirano s originala (PDF), 5. 4. 2016.
  16. ^ Blackstock, Colin (2004). "Fellows keep Susan Greenfield off Royal Society list". The Guardian. London. Arhivirano s originala, 13. 9. 2015.
  17. ^ Anon (2016). "Eminent cancer researchers elected to Royal Society Fellowship". London: Institute of Cancer Research. Arhivirano s originala, 25. 5. 2016.
  18. ^ Anon (2016). "Royal Society Fellowship for Crick scientist". London: Francis Crick Institute. Arhivirano s originala, 25. 5. 2016.
  19. ^ Anon (2016). "Manchester scientists elected as Fellows of Royal Society". Manchester.ac.uk. Manchester: University of Manchester. Arhivirano s originala, 7. 5. 2016.
  20. ^ Anon (2016). "Royal Society Fellows at Imperial College". London: Imperial College London. Arhivirano s originala, 15. 4. 2016.
  21. ^ Anon (2016). "Three University of Aberdeen researchers elected to Royal Society". Aberdeen: University of Aberdeen. Arhivirano s originala, 25. 5. 2016.
  22. ^ Anon (2016). "Five Cambridge University academics join the Royal Society". Cambridge: University of Cambridge. Arhivirano s originala, 24. 4. 2016.
  23. ^ Anon (2016). "Seven Oxford academics elected Fellows of the Royal Society". Oxford: University of Oxford. Arhivirano s originala, 30. 4. 2016.
  24. ^ "Stephen Hawking – Royal Society". Royalsociety.org. Pristupljeno 23. 8. 2018.