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http://www.everesthistory.com/climbers/schmied.htm EverestHistory.com: Ernst Schmied
{{Commonscat|Mountaineering}}
Ernst Schmied was a member of the 1956 Swiss Mount Everest and Lhotse Expedition which made the second and third ascents of Everest and the first ascent of Lhotse. He climbed Mt. Everest on the 23rd of May 1956 together with Juerg Marmet (2nd ascent).
[[Kategorija:Planine|Planinarstvo]]
The short story by Hans Rudolf von Gunten, himself is below:
 
About the expedition. The expedition was led by Albert Eggler. The team consisted of 10 climbers, a glaciologist and a geographer.
 
We went by ship from Genova (Italy) to Bombay (India) and then by train to Jainagar in the Ganges plaines (a few meters of altitude!). From there we hiked about four weeks to the Base Camp. We had 10 tons of material which were carried by 350 porters. From the Base Camp up 30 Sherpas helped to carry the material. At the monastery of Thiangboche Fritz Luchsinger had an acute appendicitis but was cured by a massive doses of antibiotic.
 
For the acclimatisation we climbed several peaks of 5000 to 6000 m altitude, most of them were climbed for the first time.
 
The Icefall was quite an obstacle. We used explosives to blow-up the most dangerous seracs. Two ladders and several wooden beams helped in crossing crevasses. At the most difficult locations fixed ropes were installed. We had always to lead teams of Sherpas up the glacier; at that time most of the Sherpas had not much experience. We climbed always roped together.
 
We installed 7 camps. Camp 3 as advanced Base in the Western Cwm, camp 5 in the Lhotse Face, camp 6 on South Col, camp 7 at about 8400 m on the ridge of Everest.
 
Starting from a tent higher up in the Lhotse Face Ernst Reiss and Fritz Luchsinger made the first ascent of Lhotse on May 18, 1956, on a very windy day.
 
A week later Ernst Schmied and Juerg Marmet climbed Everest (2nd ascent, 23 May). One day later Everest was climbed a second time by Dolf Reist and Hans-Rudolf von Gunten (3rd ascent). The latter team used 4 hours from camp 7 to the top, remained for two hours on the summit, one hour without oxygen, and descendet in two hours to the south col. There was no wind on top.
 
We were about two months at the mountain climbing up and down every day. The expedition had no accidents.
 
We then hiked two weeks back to Kathmandu.
 
 
 
<ref>http://www.everesthistory.com/climbers/marmet.htm EverestHistory.com: Jürg Marmet</ref>
Born 14 September 1927 in Bern, Switzerland. Married with Elsbeth Knoerr, 3 children.
 
Chemical engineer (1952), PhD in human toxicology (1957). Management positions in pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, food, vitamins & fine chemicals. CEO of an intercontinental research and business group. Retired 1992.
 
Licensed Swiss Mountain Guide and Ski Instructor (1949), pioneered Swiss Air Rescue (parachutist, plane and helicopter rescue 1952 - 1959), pioneered high altitude oxygen equipment for Everest (autumn 1952 - 1956), Oxygen consultant for subsequent expeditions (1956 - 1962).
 
 
n 1956 von Gunten became a member of the Swiss Mount Everest-Lhotse expedition, where he was responsible for the food and catering. On April 6, 1956 he succeeded in the Khumbu area together with the Sherpas Lobsang and Gyalsen the first ascent of today often visited Island Peak. Von Gunten reached the summit of Mount Everest together with the photographer Dölf Reist as the second team of this expedition, one day after the ascent by Jürg Marmet and Ernst Schmied.[2] He spent two hours on the summit, including one hour without extra oxygen. He is the only surviving participant in this expedition. His summit day on Mount Everest is the furthest among all climbers still alive (as of Spring 2016)
 
He is a member of the Swiss Alpine Club SAC and an honorary member of the Academic Alpine Club Bern AACB.
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