Svjetski rekordi u plivanju

spisak na Wikimediji

Svjetske rekorde u plivanju ratificira Svjetska plivačka federacija. Rekordi se mogu odnositi na 50-metarske bazene (olimpijske ili duge) i 25-metarske (kratke). FINA priznaje svjetske rekorde u sljedećim disciplinama za muškarce i žene[1]:

  • slobodni stil: 50 m, 100 m, 200 m, 400 m, 800 m, 1500 m
  • leđni stil: 50 m, 100 m, 200 m
  • prsni stil: 50 m, 100 m, 200 m
  • delfinov (leptirov) stil: 50 m, 100 m, 200 m
  • mješovito (pojedinačno): 100 m (samo u kratkim bazenima), 200 m, 400 m
  • štafete: 4 × 50 m slobodno (samo u kratkim bazenima), 4 × 100 m slobodno, 4 × 200 m slobodno, 4 × 50 m mješovito (samo u kratkim bazenima), 4 × 100 m mješovito, 4 × 50 m slobodno – mješovita štafeta (samo u kratkim bazenima), 4 × 100 m slobodno – mješovita štafeta, 4 × 50 m mješovito – mješovita štafeta (samo u kratkim bazenima), 4 × 100 m mješovito – mješovita štafeta.
Caeleb Dressel drži najviše svjetskih rekorda u muškoj konkurenciji (četiri pojedinačna i pet u štafetama)
Sarah Sjöström drži najviše svjetskih rekorda u ženskoj konkurenciji – šest (svi pojedinačni)

Rekordi u dugim bazenima daleko su stariji od rekorda u kratkim i općenito se smatraju prestižnijima. Oni vuku porijeklo s početka 20. vijeka (nešto kasnije u slučaju delfinovog stila, koji se razvio iz prsnog). Rekorde u kratkim bazenima FINA je počela priznavati u martu 1991. ustanovljavanjem standardnog vremena u svakoj disciplini (općenito poznato kao najbolji rezultat u svijetu) koje je moralo biti poboljšano kako bi FINA priznala svjetski rekord.

Proces ratifikacije opisan je u FINA-inom pravilu SW12[1], a uključuje predaju dokumenata koji potvrđuju tačnost mjernog sistema i dužinu bazena, zadovoljavanje FINA-inih pravila koja se odnose na plivačke kostime i negativan doping-test dotičnih plivač(ic)a.

Većinu rekorda navedenih ispod postigli su plivači koji su nosili plivačke (polu)kostime od poliuretana ili drugih netekstilnih materijala, čija je upotreba bila dozvoljena od februara 2008. do decembra 2009. Uoči SP u vodenim sportovima 2009. u Rimu međunarodno upravno tijelo za pet olimpijskih vodenih sportova izglasalo je zabranu upotrebe ovih plivačkih kostima i svih kostima od netekstilnog materijala, počevši od 1. januara 2010.[2][3] Činilo se da ovi kostimi poboljšavaju performanse kod snažnijih plivača, te da to poboljšavanje nije jednako kod svih takmičara, tj. da zavisi od morfologije i fiziologije.[4]

Olimpijski bazeni (50 m)Uredi

Napomena: Podaci u svim tabelama važe zaključno s 8. 8. 2021.

MuškarciUredi

Disciplina Rezultat Plivač Datum Mjesto Izvor
50 m slobodno 20.91   César Cielo Filho 18. 12. 2009.   São Paulo [5][6][7][8]
100 m slobodno 46.86   David Popovici 12. 8. 2022.   Rim
200 m slobodno 1:42.00   Paul Biedermann 28. 7. 2009.   Rim [9][10][11]
400 m slobodno 3:40.07   Paul Biedermann 26. 7. 2009.   Rim [12][13][14]
800 m slobodno 7:32.12   Zhang Lin 29. 7. 2009.   Rim [15][16]
1500 m slobodno 14:31.02   Sun Yang 4. 8. 2012.   London [17][18]
50 m leđno 23.80   Kliment Kolesnjikov 18. 5. 2021.   Budimpešta [19][20]
100 m leđno 51.85   Ryan Murphy 13. 8. 2016.   Rio de Janeiro [21][22]
200 m leđno 1:51.92   Aaron Peirsol 31. 7. 2009.   Rim [23][24][25]
50 m prsno 25.95   Adam Peaty 25. 7. 2017.   Budimpešta [26][27]
100 m prsno 56.88   Adam Peaty 4. 8. 2018.   Glasgow [28][29]
200 m prsno 2:06.12   Anton Čupkov 26. 7. 2019.   Gwangju [30][31]
50 m delfin 22.27   Andrij Govorov 1. 7. 2018.   Rim [32][33]
100 m delfin 49.45   Caeleb Dressel 31. 7. 2021.   Tokio [34]
200 m delfin 1:50.34   Kristóf Milák 21. 6. 2022.   Budimpešta [35]
200 m mješovito 1:54.00   Ryan Lochte 28. 7. 2011.   Šangaj [36][37][38]
400 m mješovito 4:03.84   Michael Phelps 10. 8. 2008.   Peking [39][40][41]
4 × 100 m slobodno 3:08.24   Sjedinjene Američke Države
Michael Phelps (47.51)
Garrett Weber-Gale (47.02)
Cullen Jones (47.65)
Jason Lezak (46.06)
11. 8. 2008.   Peking [42][43][44]
4 × 200 m slobodno 6:58.55   Sjedinjene Američke Države
Michael Phelps (1:44.49)
Ricky Berens (1:44.13)
David Walters (1:45.47)
Ryan Lochte (1:44.46)
31. 7. 2009.   Rim [45][46]
4 × 100 m mješovito 3:26.78   Sjedinjene Američke Države
Ryan Murphy (52.31)
Michael Andrew (58.49)
Caeleb Dressel (49.03)
Zach Apple (46.95)
1. 8. 2021.   Tokio [47]

ŽeneUredi

Disciplina Rezultat Plivačica Datum Mjesto Izvor
50 m slobodno 23.67   Sarah Sjöström 29. 7. 2017.   Budimpešta [48][49]
100 m slobodno 51.71   Sarah Sjöström 23. 7. 2017.   Budimpešta [50][51]
200 m slobodno 1:52.98   Federica Pellegrini 29. 7. 2009.   Rim [52][53][54]
400 m slobodno 3:56.46   Katie Ledecky 7. 8. 2016.   Rio de Janeiro [55][56]
800 m slobodno 8:04.79   Katie Ledecky 12. 8. 2016.   Rio de Janeiro [57][58]
1500 m slobodno 15:20.48   Katie Ledecky 16. 5. 2018.   Indianapolis [59][60]
50 m leđno 26.98   Liu Xiang 21. 8. 2018.   Jakarta [61][62]
100 m leđno 57.45   Kaylee McKeown 28. 7. 2021.   Adelaide [63]
200 m leđno 2:03.35   Regan Smith 26. 7. 2019.   Gwangju [64][65]
50 m prsno 29.30   Benedetta Pilato 22. 5. 2021.   Budimpešta [66][67]
100 m prsno 1:04.13   Lily King 25. 7. 2017.   Budimpešta [68][69]
200 m prsno 2:18.95   Tatjana Schoenmaker 30. 7. 2021.   Tokio [70]
50 m delfin 24.43   Sarah Sjöström 5. 7. 2014.   Borås [71][72]
100 m delfin 55.48   Sarah Sjöström 7. 8. 2016.   Rio de Janeiro [73][74]
200 m delfin 2:01.81   Liu Zige 21. 10. 2009.   Jinan [75][76]
200 m mješovito 2:06.12 (27.30; 31.64; 36.70; 30.48)   Katinka Hosszú 3. 8. 2015.   Kazanj [77][78]
400 m mješovito 4:26.36   Katinka Hosszú 6. 8. 2016.   Rio de Janeiro [79][80]
4 × 100 m slobodno 3:29.69   Australija
Bronte Campbell (53.01)
Meg Harris (53.09)
Emma McKeon (51.35)
Cate Campbell (52.24)
25. 7. 2021.   Tokio [81]
4 × 200 m slobodno 7:40.33   Kina
Yang Junxuan (1:54.37)
Tang Muhan (1:55.00)
Zhang Yufei (1:55.66)
Li Bingjie (1:55.30)
29. 7. 2021.   Tokio [82]
4 × 100 m mješovito 3:50.40   Sjedinjene Američke Države
Regan Smith (57.57)
Lilly King (1:04.81)
Kelsi Dahlia (56.16)
Simone Manuel (51.86)
28. 7. 2019.   Gwangju [83][84]

Mješovite štafeteUredi

Disciplina Rezultat Plivači Datum Mjesto Izvor
4 × 100 m slobodno (mješovita štafeta) 3:19.38   Australija
(48.12) Jack Cartwright
(46.98) Kyle Chalmers
(52.25) Madison Wilson
(52.03) Mollie O'Callaghan
24. 6. 2022.   Budimpešta [85]
4 × 100 m mješovito (mješovita štafeta) 3:37.58   Velika Britanija
Kathleen Dawson (58.80)
Adam Peaty (56.78)
James Guy (50.00)
Anna Hopkin (52.00)
31. 7. 2021.   Tokio [86]

Kratki bazeni (25 m)Uredi

MuškarciUredi

Disciplina Rezultat Plivač Datum Mjesto Izvor
50 m slobodno 20.16   Caeleb Dressel 21. 11. 2020.   Budimpešta [87][88]
100 m slobodno 44.94   Amaury Leveaux 13. 12. 2008.   Rijeka [89][90]
200 m slobodno 1:39.37   Paul Biedermann 15. 11. 2009.   Berlin [91]
400 m slobodno 3:32.25   Yannick Agnel 15. 11. 2012.   Angers [92][93]
800 m slobodno 7:23.42   Grant Hackett 20. 7. 2008.   Melbourne [94]
1500 m slobodno 14:08.06   Gregorio Paltrinieri 4. 12. 2015.   Netanya [95][96]
50 m leđno 22.11   Kliment Kolesnikov 23. 11. 2022.   Kazan [97]
100 m leđno 48.58   Kliment Kolesnjikov 21. 11. 2020.   Budimpešta [98][99]
200 m leđno 1:45.63   Mitch Larkin 27. 11. 2015.   Sydney [100][101]
50 m prsno 25.25   Cameron van der Burgh 14. 11. 2009.   Berlin [102]
100 m prsno 55.34   Ilja Šimanovič 19. 12. 2020.   Brest [103][104]
200 m prsno 2:00.16   Kiril Prigoda 13. 12. 2018.   Hangzhou [105][106]
50 m delfin 21.75   Nicholas Santos 6. 10. 2018.   Budimpešta [107][108]
100 m delfin 47.78   Caeleb Dressel 21. 11. 2020.   Budimpešta [109][110]
200 m delfin 1:46.85   Tomoru Honda 22. 10. 2022.   Tokio ​​
100 m mješovito 49.28   Caeleb Dressel 22. 11. 2020.   Budimpešta [111][112]
200 m mješovito 1:49.63   Ryan Lochte 14. 12. 2012.   Istanbul [113][114]
400 m mješovito 3:54.51   Daiya Seto 20. 12. 2019.   Las Vegas [115][116]
4 × 50 m slobodno 1:21.80   Sjedinjene Američke Države
Caeleb Dressel (20.43)
Ryan Held (20.25)
Jack Conger (20.59)
Michael Chadwick (20.53)
14. 12. 2018.   Hangzhou [117]
4 × 100 m slobodno 3:03.03   Sjedinjene Američke Države
Caeleb Dressel (45.66)
Blake Pieroni (45.75)
Michael Chadwick (45.86)
Ryan Held (45.76)
11. 12. 2018.   Hangzhou [118][119]
4 × 200 m slobodno 6:46.81  
Luiz Altamir Melo (1:42.03)
Fernando Scheffer (1:40.99)
Leonardo Coelho Santos (1:42.81)
Breno Correia (1:40.98)
14. 12. 2018.   Hangzhou [120][121]
4 × 50 m mješovito 1:30.44   Rusija
Kliment Kolesnikov (22.83)
Kiril Prigoda (25.26)
Aleksandr Popkov (22.11)
Vladimir Morozov (20.24)
4. 12. 2014.   Kopenhagen [122]
4 × 100 m mješovito 3:19.16   Rusija
Stanislav Donjec (49.63)
Sergej Gejbel (56.43)
Jevgenij Korotiškin (48.35)
Danila Izotov (44.75)
20. 12. 2009.   Sankt Peterburg [123]

ŽeneUredi

Disciplina Rezultat Plivačica Datum Mjesto Izvor
50 m slobodno 22.93   Ranomi Kromowidjojo 7. 8. 2017.   Berlin [124]
100 m slobodno 50.25   Cate Campbell 26. 10. 2017.   Adelaide [125][126]
200 m slobodno 1:50.43   Sarah Sjöström 12. 8. 2017.   Eindhoven [127][128]
400 m slobodno 3:53.92   Ariarne Titmus 14. 12. 2018.   Hangzhou [129][130]
800 m slobodno 7:57.42   Katie Ledecky 5. 11. 2022.   Indianapolis [131] [132]
1500 m slobodno 15:08.24   Katie Ledecky 29. 10. 2022.   Toronto [133]
50 m leđno 25.60   Kira Toussaint 14. 11. 2020.   Budimpešta [134]
100 m leđno 54.89   Minna Atherton 27. 10. 2019.   Budimpešta [135][136]
200 m leđno 1:58.94   Kaylee McKeown 28. 11. 2020.   Brisbane [137]
50 m prsno 28.56   Alia Atkinson 6. 10. 2018.   Budimpešta [138]
100 m prsno 1:02.36 =   Rūta Meilutytė 12. 10. 2013.   Moskva [139]
100 m prsno 1:02.36 =   Alia Atkinson 6. 12. 2014.   Doha [140][141]
100 m prsno 1:02.36 =   Alia Atkinson 26. 8. 2016.   Chartres [142]
200 m prsno 2:14.57   Rebecca Soni 18. 12. 2009.   Manchester [143]
50 m delfin 24.38   Therese Alshammar 22. 11. 2009.   Singapur [144]
100 m delfin 54.61   Sarah Sjöström 7. 12. 2014.   Doha [145][146]
200 m delfin 1:59.61   Mireia Belmonte 3. 12. 2014.   Doha [147][148]
100 m mješovito 56.61   Katinka Hosszú 4. 12. 2015.   Berlin [149][150]
200 m mješovito 2:01.86   Katinka Hosszú 7. 8. 2017.   Doha [151][152]
400 m mješovito 4:18.94   Mireia Belmonte 12. 8. 2017.   Eindhoven [153][154]
4 × 50 m slobodno 1:32.50   Nizozemska
Ranomi Kromowidjojo (23.05)
Maaike de Waard (23.16)
Kim Busch (23.47)
Femke Heemskerk (22.82)
12. 12. 2020.   Eindhoven [155]
4 × 100 m slobodno 3:26.53   Nizozemska
Inge Dekker (52.39)
Femke Heemskerk (50.58)
Maud van der Meer (52.55)
Ranomi Kromowidjojo (51.01)
15. 12. 2017.   Kopenhagen [156][157]
4 × 200 m slobodno 7:32.85   Nizozemska
Inge Dekker (1:54.73)
Femke Heemskerk (1:51.22)
Ranomi Kromowidjojo (1:54.17)
Sharon van Rouwendaal (1:52.73)
3. 12. 2014.   Doha [158]
4 × 50 m mješovito 1:42.38   Sjedinjene Američke Države
Olivia Smoliga (25.97)
Katie Meili (29.29)
Kelsi Dahlia (24.02)
Mallory Comerford (23.10)
12. 12. 20118.   Hangzhou [159][160]
4 × 100 m mješovito 3:44.52   Sjedinjene Američke Države
Olivia Smoliga (55.60)
Lilly King (1:02.40)
Kelsi Dahlia (54.79)
Erika Brown (51.73)
21. 11. 2020.   Budimpešta [161]

Mješovite štafeteUredi

Disciplina Rezultat Plivači Datum Mjesto Izvor
4 × 50 m slobodno (mješovita štafeta) 1:27.89   Sjedinjene Američke Države
Caeleb Dressel (20.43)
Ryan Held (20.60)
Mallory Comerford (23.44)
Kelsi Dahlia (23.42)
12. 12. 2018.   Hangzhou [162][163]
4 × 50 m mješovito (mješovita štafeta) 1:36.22   Rusija
Kliment Kolesnjikov (22.67)
Vladimir Morozov (25.40)
Arina Surkova (24.94)
Marija Kamenjeva (23.21)
5. 12. 2019.   Glasgow [164][165]

GalerijaUredi

Neki od trenutnih svjetskih rekordera:

Također pogledajteUredi

ReferenceUredi

  1. ^ a b "FINA Technical Rules SW12.1 and 12.2". FINA. Arhivirano s originala, 26. 7. 2013. Pristupljeno 11. 5. 2009.
  2. ^ "High-tech records to stand". Times Live. 18. 1. 2010. Pristupljeno 27. 7. 2011.
  3. ^ Dillman, Lisa (25. 7. 2009). "FINA bans bodysuits that have led to spate of world records". Los Angeles Times. Pristupljeno 27. 7. 2011.
  4. ^ Dampf, Andrew (22. 6. 2011). "New Suits Mean No More Records in Swimming". ABC News. Pristupljeno 27. 7. 2011.
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  7. ^ Video na YouTubeu
  8. ^ World Record - Recorde Mundial - 50m Freestyle - Cesar Cielo. BRA BMX. 29. 12. 2009. Arhivirano s originala, 10. 7. 2021. Pristupljeno 10. 8. 2021 – preko YouTube.
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  13. ^ Craig Lord (26. 7. 2009). "WR: Biedermann Takes Down Thorpe: 3:40.07". swimnews.com. Pristupljeno 16. 11. 2011.
  14. ^ 2009 Swimming World Championships Men's 400m Freestyle Final. MeazzaGiuseppe. 17. 11. 2010. Arhivirano s originala, 25. 7. 2021. Pristupljeno 10. 8. 2021 – preko YouTube.
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  22. ^ Michael Phelps Last Olympic Race - Swimming Men's 4x100m Medley Relay Final | Rio 2016 Replay. Olympics. 21. 8. 2016. Pristupljeno 10. 8. 2021 – preko YouTube.
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  24. ^ Craig Lord (31. 7. 2009). "WR: Peirsol's Reply – 1:51.92 200 Back". swimnews.com. Pristupljeno 16. 11. 2011.
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  29. ^ Adam peaty break one more time his record 56'88. Zach Swim. 22. 7. 2019. Arhivirano s originala, 23. 5. 2021. Pristupljeno 10. 8. 2021 – preko YouTube.
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  31. ^ https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=856883078031363
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  33. ^ 50 meters butterfly world record Andriy Govorov 22.27. Best Swimming. 2. 7. 2018. Pristupljeno 10. 8. 2021 – preko YouTube.
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  37. ^ "FINA World Championships, Swimming: Ryan Lochte Sets First Post Techsuit-Era World Record". Swimming World Magazine. 28. 7. 2011. Arhivirano s originala, 15. 9. 2012. Pristupljeno 28. 7. 2011.
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  40. ^ Greg Bishop (9. 8. 2008). "Phelps smashes world record to win gold". The New York Times. Pristupljeno 14. 8. 2008.
  41. ^ SWIMMING WORLD RECORDS (50) 400m individual medley 4:03.84 Michael Phelps. Swimming Art. 8. 2. 2019. Arhivirano s originala, 29. 7. 2021. Pristupljeno 10. 8. 2021 – preko YouTube.
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  43. ^ Karen Crouse (10. 8. 2008). "Lezak, Not Phelps, puts on a show". The New York Times. Pristupljeno 14. 8. 2008.
  44. ^ Phelps and Team USA break the 4x100m Freestyle World Record at Beijing 2008 | Throwback Thursday. Olympics. 12. 10. 2017. Arhivirano s originala, 29. 7. 2021. Pristupljeno 10. 8. 2021 – preko YouTube.
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  46. ^ Craig Lord (31. 7. 2009). "WR: USA Takes 4x200m In 6:58.55". swimnews.com. Arhivirano s originala, 3. 8. 2009. Pristupljeno 17. 11. 2011.
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  48. ^ "Women's 50m Freestyle Results". Omega Timing. 29. 7. 2017. Pristupljeno 29. 7. 2017.
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