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: ''This article is about the region in what is now Southern Romania. There are other regions called Wallachia, such as the [[Moravian Wallachia]] and the [[Great Wallachia|Thessaly Wallachia]]; See: [[Vlachs#Wallachia]].''
'''Vilajet Vlaška''', provincija u sastavu [[Osmanlijsko carstvo|Osmanlijskog carstva]].
[[Image:Walachia.png|frame|right|Map of Romania with Wallachia in yellow.]]
== Takođe vidi ==
'''Wallachia''' (also spelt '''Walachia'''; [[Romanian language|Romanian]]: ''Ţara Românească'' - literally "''Romanian country''"; also '' Vlahia'' or ''Valahia''; [[Turkish language|Turkish]]: ''Eflak'') formed a [[Romania]]n [[principality]] in eastern [[Europe]] from the late [[Middle Age]]s until the mid-[[19th century]]. Its name is derived from the [[Vlachs]], another name for [[Romanians]]. (see also: [[Etymology of Vlach]])
* [[Vlaška]]
== Geography ==
Wallachia was situated north of the [[Danube]] and south of the [[Carpathian Mountains]]. It was divided by the river [[Olt]] into two regions: the eastern part [[Muntenia]] and the western part [[Oltenia]].
Its neighbours were [[Bulgaria]], after that the [[Ottoman Empire]] to the south, [[Transylvania]] to the north-west and [[Moldavia]] to the north-east.
[[Category: Osmanlijsko carstvo]]
[[Category: Provincije Osmanlijskog carstva]]
The capital city changed over time, from [[Curtea de Argeş]] to [[Târgovişte]] and finally [[Bucharest]].
== History ==
Beginning with the [[10th century]], [[Byzantine Empire|Byzantine]], [[Bulgaria]]n, [[Slavic peoples|Slavic]] and [[Hungary|Hungarian]] sources, and later Western ones mention the existence of small states peopled possibly also by Romanians under leaders known as [[knyaz]]es (Slavonic: prince, ruler) and [[voivod]]s (Slavonic: military leader) - at first in [[Transylvania]], then in the [[12th century|12th]]-[[13th century|13th centuries]] in the territories east and south of the [[Carpathian Mountains]]. A specific characteristic of Romanian history from the Middle Ages to [[Modern Era|modern times]] is that Romanians lived in three adjacent principalities - Wallachia, [[Moldavia]] and [[Transylvania]], separated by the [[Carpathian mountains]].
In the [[14th century]], along with the decline of the neighboring [[Byzantine Empire|Byzantine]], [[Bulgarian]], [[Kingdom of Hungary|Hungarian]] and [[Tatars|Tatar]] states, several feudal states formed in the south and the east of the Carpathian Mountains - Wallachia under [[Basarab I]] (around [[1330]]) and Moldavia under [[Bogdan I]] (around [[1359]]).
In the second half of the 14th century, a new threat appeared - the [[Ottoman Empire]]. After having first gained a foothold in Europe in [[1354]], the Ottoman Turks reached the south bank of the [[Danube]] in [[1396]].
Alone or allied with the neighbouring [[Christianity|Christian]] countries, [[Mircea the Elder]] ([[1386]]-[[1418]]) and [[Vlad Tepes]] ([[1456]]-[[1462]]) of Wallachia fought many defensive battles against the Ottomans, preventing them from expanding into Central Europe.
Mircea the Elder extended Wallachia to the mouths of [[Danube]] around 1400.
As the whole [[Balkan Peninsula]] became Turkish territory and following the [[fall of Constantinople]] to [[Mehmed II]] in [[1453]], the Romanian principalities had to accept the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire for more than three centuries, though there were a few attempts to regain independence: ([[Mihai Viteazul|Michael the Brave]] in [[1600]] managed to unite for a short period of time all the three principalities). The tribute paid to the Turks allowed Wallachia (and Moldavia too) to maintain its autonomy.
After 1716, the Ottomans decided to cease choosing the voivod from among the Romanian boyars and established the [[Phanariotes|Phanariote regime]]: the rulers were to be appointed from the influential Greeks of the Phanar neighbourhood of Istanbul.
The Phanariote rule ended only after the uprising of [[1821]] of [[Tudor Vladimirescu]]. In [[1831]] an act resembling a constitution ("Règlement Organique") was adopted. In [[1859]], Wallachia voted to unite with Moldavia to form the state of [[Romania]], under the rule of [[Alexander John Cuza]].
== Important rulers ==
* [[Litovoi]], on the east side of the [[Olt river]], [[1247]]-[[1277]],
* [[Seneslau]], on west side of the Olt river, at [[Arges]], c.a.1247
* [[Bărbat]], c.a.1277-c.a.[[1290]]
* [[Tihomir]], c.a.1290-c.a.[[1310]]
* [[Basarab I]], about [[1310]] - [[1352]]
* [[Vladislav I]] or Vlaicu-Vodă, [[1364]]-c.a.[[1377]]
* [[Mircea cel Bătrân]] (Mircea the Elder), [[1386]]-[[1418]]
* [[Vlad Ţepeş]] (Vlad the Impaler), [[1448]], [[1456]]-[[1462]], [[1476]]
* [[Neagoe Basarab]], [[1512]]-[[1521]]
* [[Mihai Viteazul]] (Michael the Brave), [[1593]] - [[1601]]
* [[Constantin Brâncoveanu]] [[1688]] - [[1714]]
* [[Alexander John Cuza]], [[1859]] - [[1866]]
See also the complete [[List of Wallachian rulers]].
== Coat of Arms of Romania ==
Wallachia is represented by an [[eagle]] in the [[Coat of Arms of Romania]].
== External links==
* [http://www.patzinakia.ro/ The Romanian Group for an Alternative History Website] - provides monument information, original documents, books, studies and other info concerning the Romanian Middle Ages
* [http://www.orbilat.com/General_Survey/Terms--Wallachians_Walloons_Welschen_etc.html orbilat.com: Explaining the etymology of Wallachia]
[[Category:Romanian historical regions]]
[[Category:Former countries in Europe]]
[[cs:Valašsko (Rumunsko)]]
[[de:Walachei (Rumänien)]]
[[eo:Valaĥio (Rumanio)]]
[[ro:Ţara Românească]]