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'''Alfred Louis Kroeber''' ([[11. juni]], [[1876]] – [[5. oktobar]], [[1960]]), jedna od najuticajnijih ličnosti [[Sjedinjene Američke Države|američke]] [[antropologija|antropologije]] u prvoj polovini [[20. vijek]]a.
 
Kroeber je rođen u Hobokenu, država [[New Jersey]], u [[Sjedinjene AmeričkimAmeričke Države|Sjedinjenim Američkim Državama]]. Doktorirao je 1901. kod [[Franz Boas|Franza Boasa]], na [[Columbia univerzitet]]u, temeljeći svoju disertaciju na [[terenski rad (antropologija)|terenskom istraživanju]] među [[Arapaho]] Indijancima. Većinu karijere je proveo u [[Kalifornija|Kaliforniji]], prvenstveno predavajući na [[Univerzitet Kalifornije u Berkeleyu|Berkeleyu]].
 
Iako je Kroeber prije svega poznat kao [[kulturalna antropologija|kulturalni antropolog]], on je obavio značajan rad na području [[arheologija|arheologije]], bogateći antropologiju stvaranjem veza između arheologije i kulture. On je radio na iskopinama u [[Novi Meksiko|Novom Meksiku]], [[Meksiko|Meksiku]] i [[Peru]]u.
was born in [[Hoboken, New Jersey]]. He received his doctorate under [[Franz Boas]] at [[Columbia University]] in [[1901]], basing his dissertation on his field work among the [[Arapaho]]. He spent most of his career in [[California]], primarily at the [[University of California, Berkeley]]. The anthropology department's headquarters building at the University of California is known as Kroeber Hall.
 
Kroeber i njegovi studenti su učinili važan rad na skupljanju kulturnih podataka o zapadnim plemenima [[domorodački Amerikanaci u Sjedinjenim Državama|domorodačkih Amerikanaca]]. Rad na očuvanju kalifornijskih plemena je objavljen u knjizi ''Handbook of Indians of California'' ("Priručnik o kalifornijskim Indijancima," 1925). Kroeberu je pripisan razvoj pojmova [[kulturna oblast]] (''culture area'') i [[kulturalna konfiguracija]] (''cultural configuration''), objavljeni u knjizi ''Cultural and Natural Areas of Native North America'' ("Kulturne i prirodne oblasti domorodačke Sjeverne Amerike," 1939).
Although he is known primarily as a [[Cultural anthropology|cultural anthropologist]], he did significant work in [[archaeology]], and he contributed to anthropology by making connections between archaeology and culture. He conducted excavations in [[New Mexico]], [[Mexico]], and [[Peru]].
 
Kroeber i Roland Dixon su bili veoma uticajni u genetskoj klasifikaciji [[domorodački američki jezici|domorodačkih američkih jezika]] u Sjevernoj Americi.
Kroeber and his students did important work collecting cultural data on western tribes of [[Native Americans in the United States|Native Americans]]. The work done in preserving California tribes appeared in ''Handbook of Indians of California'' (1925). These efforts to preserve remaining data on these tribes has been termed "[[Salvage ethnography]]." He is credited with developing the concepts of [[culture area|Culture Area]] and [[cultural configuration|Culture Configuration]] (''Cultural and Natural Areas of Native North America'', 1939).
 
Kroeber je ostao upamćen i po svom radu sa [[Ishi]]jem (Iši), za kojeg se tvrdilo (mada ne bez kontroverzija) da je bio posljednji kalifornijski [[Yahi]] Indijanac. Kroeberova druga supruga, [[Theodora Kroeber|Theodora]], napisala je dobro poznatu Ishijevu biografiju, ''Ishi in Two Worlds'' ("Ishi u dva svijeta").
His influence was so strong that many contemporaries adopted his style of beard and mustache as well as his views as a social scientist.
 
Kroeberov udžbenik ''Anthropology'' ("Antropologija," 1923, 1948) naširoko je korišćen godinama.
Kroeber and Roland Dixon were very influential in the genetic classification of [[Native American languages]] in North America, being responsible for groupings such as [[Penutian languages|Penutian]] and [[Hokan languages|Hokan]].
 
==Vanjski linkovi==
He is noted for working with [[Ishi]], who was claimed (though not uncontroversially) to be the last [[California]] [[Yahi]] Indian. His second wife, [[Theodora Kroeber]], wrote a well-known biography of Ishi, ''Ishi in Two Worlds''.
 
*[http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC/audiofiles.html#kroeber Sex in Natural History (talk"Seks atu UCprirodnoj Berkeleyistoriji," govor održan na Univerzitetu Kalifornije u Berkeleyu, 1956)(online audio recordingzapis)]
His textbook, ''Anthropology'' (1923, 1948), was widely used for years.
 
[[Category:EthnologistsRođenja 1876|Kroeber, Alfred Louis]]
Kroeber was father of the academic [[Karl Kroeber]] and the [[science fiction|fantasy]] writer [[Ursula K. Le Guin]] by his second wife, Theodora. He also adopted the two children of Theodora's first marriage, Ted and historian [[Clifton Kroeber]]. Clifton and Karl recently (2003) edited a book together on the Ishi case, ''Ishi in Three Centuries.'' This is the first scholarly book on Ishi to contain essays by Indians.
[[Category:1876Smrti births1960|Kroeber, Alfred Louis]]
 
[[Category:1960Američki deathsantropolozi|Kroeber, Alfred Louis]]
 
[[Category:AmericanAmerički archaeologistsarheolozi|Kroeber, Alfred Louis]]
==External links==
[[Category:People from New JerseyEtnolozi|Kroeber, Alfred Louis]]
 
*[http://www.lib.berkeley.edu/MRC/audiofiles.html#kroeber Sex in Natural History (talk at UC Berkeley, 1956)(online audio recording)]
 
[[Category:1876 births|Kroeber, Alfred Louis]]
[[Category:1960 deaths|Kroeber, Alfred Louis]]
[[Category:American anthropologists|Kroeber, Alfred Louis]]
[[Category:American archaeologists|Kroeber, Alfred Louis]]
[[Category:Ethnologists|Kroeber, Alfred Louis]]
[[Category:People from New Jersey|Kroeber, Alfred Louis]]
 
[[de:Alfred Kroeber]]
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