Razlika između izmjena na stranici "Članstvo u Kraljevskom društvu"

nema sažetka izmjene
(Napravljeno prevođenjem stranice "Fellow of the Royal Society")
 
'''Članstvo u Kraljevskom društvu''' ('''FRS''', '''ForMemRS''' i '''HonFRS''') nagrada je koju sudije [[Kraljevsko društvo|Kraljevskog društva]] u Londonu dodjeljuju pojedincima koji su dali "značajan doprinos poboljšanju [[Prirodne nauke|prirodnog znanja]], uključujući [[Matematika|matematiku]], inženjerske nauke i [[Medicina|medicinske nauke"]].<ref name="elections">{{Cite web|url=https://royalsociety.org/fellows/elections/|title=Royal Society Elections|last=Anon|year=2015|publisher=Royal Society|location=London|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150906183433/https://royalsociety.org/fellows/elections/|archive-date=2015-09-06}}</ref>
[[Datoteka:Portrait_of_Sir_Isaac_Newton,_1689.jpg|mini|218x218piksel| [[Isaac Newton]] bio je jedan od najranijih članova Kraljevskog društva, izabran 1672.]]
Članstvo u Društvu, najstarije poznate naučne akademije u kontinuitetu, velika je čast. Dobitnici su mnogi ugledni naučnici kroz historiju, uključujući [[Isaac Newton|Isaaca Newtona]] (1672), <ref name="allfrs" /> [[Charles Darwin|Charlesa Darwina]] (1839), <ref name="allfrs" /> [[Michael Faraday|Michaela Faradaya]] (1824), <ref name="allfrs">{{Cite web|url=https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1RVVZY00MZNrK2YCTTzVrbTFH2t3RxoAZah128gQR-NM/pubhtml|title=Fellowship of the Royal Society 1660-2015|last=Anon|year=2015|publisher=[[Royal Society]]|location=London|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20151015185820/https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1RVVZY00MZNrK2YCTTzVrbTFH2t3RxoAZah128gQR-NM/pubhtml|archive-date=2015-10-15|url-status=dead}}</ref> [[Ernest Rutherford|Ernesta Rutherforda]] (1903), <ref>{{Cite journal|last=Eve|first=A. S.|last2=Chadwick|first2=J.|year=1938|title=Lord Rutherford 1871–1937|journal=[[Obituary Notices of Fellows of the Royal Society]]|volume=2|issue=6|pages=394–423|doi=10.1098/rsbm.1938.0025}}</ref> [[Srinivasa Aaiyangar Ramanujan|Srinivasa Ramanujana]] (1918), <ref>{{Cite journal|last=Neville|first=Eric Harold|author-link=Eric Harold Neville|year=1921|title=The Late Srinivasa Ramanujan|url=https://zenodo.org/record/1429646|journal=[[Nature (journal)|Nature]]|volume=106|issue=2673|pages=661–662|bibcode=1921Natur.106..661N|doi=10.1038/106661b0}}</ref> [[Albert Einstein]] (1921), <ref>{{Cite journal|last=Whittaker|first=E.|author-link=E. T. Whittaker|year=1955|title=Albert Einstein. 1879–1955|journal=[[Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society]]|volume=1|pages=37–67|doi=10.1098/rsbm.1955.0005|jstor=769242}}</ref> [[Paul Dirac]] (1930), [[Winston Churchill]] (1941), [[Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar]] (1944), <ref name="subra">{{Cite journal|last=Tayler|first=Roger J.|author-link=Roger Tayler|year=1996|title=Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar. 19 October 1910 – 21 August 1995|journal=[[Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society]]|volume=42|pages=80–94|doi=10.1098/rsbm.1996.0006}}</ref> [[Dorothy Hodgkin]] (1947), <ref name="dorothyfrs">{{Cite journal|last=Dodson|first=Guy|year=2002|title=Dorothy Mary Crowfoot Hodgkin, O.M. 12 May 1910 – 29 July 1994|journal=Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society|volume=48|pages=179–219|doi=10.1098/rsbm.2002.0011}}</ref> [[Alan Turing]] (1951) ), <ref>{{Cite journal|last=Newman|first=M. H. A.|author-link=Max Newman|year=1955|title=Alan Mathison Turing. 1912–1954|journal=[[Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society]]|volume=1|pages=253–263|doi=10.1098/rsbm.1955.0019|jstor=769256}}</ref> [[Lise Meitner]] (1955) <ref>{{Cite web|url=https://collections.royalsociety.org/DServe.exe?dsqIni=Dserve.ini&dsqApp=Archive&dsqCmd=Show.tcl&dsqDb=Persons&dsqPos=0&dsqSearch=%28%28text%29%3D%27Meitner,%20Lise%27%29|title=The Royal Society - Fellow Details|date=2020-09-13|website=The Royal Society}}</ref> i [[Francis Crick]] (1959).<ref name="crickrsbm">{{Cite journal|last=Bretscher|first=Mark S.|last2=Mitchison|first2=Graeme|year=2017|title=Francis Harry Compton Crick OM. 8 June 1916 – 28 July 2004|journal=[[Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society]]|volume=63|page=rsbm20170010|doi=10.1098/rsbm.2017.0010|issn=0080-4606}}</ref><ref name="Obituary">{{Cite journal|last=Rich|first=Alexander|last2=Stevens|first2=Charles F.|author-link2=Charles F. Stevens|year=2004|title=Obituary: Francis Crick (1916–2004)|journal=[[Nature (journal)|Nature]]|volume=430|issue=7002|pages=845–847|bibcode=2004Natur.430..845R|doi=10.1038/430845a|pmid=15318208}}</ref> U novije vrijeme članstvo su dobili [[Stephen Hawking]] (1974), [[David Attenborough]] (1983), [[Tim Hunt]] (1991), [[Elizabeth Blackburn]] (1992), [[Tim Berners-Lee]] (2001), [[Venkatraman Ramakrishnan]] (2003), [[Atta-ur Rahman]] (2006), <ref>{{Cite web|url=https://royalsociety.org/people/atta-ur-rahman-12136/|title=Atta-Ur Rahman – Royal Society|website=Royalsociety.org|access-date=23 August 2018}}</ref> [[Andre Geim]] (2007), <ref>{{Cite web|url=https://royalsociety.org/people/andre-geim-11484/|title=Andre Geim – Royal Society|website=Royalsociety.org|access-date=23 August 2018}}</ref> [[James Dyson]] (2015), Ajay Kumar Sood (2015), Subhash Khot (2017), [[Elon Musk]] (2018),<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://royalsociety.org/people/elon-musk-13829/|title=Elon Musk – Royal Society|website=Royalsociety.org|access-date=23 August 2018}}</ref> i ukupno [[:Kategorija:Članovi Kraljevskog društva|oko 8.000 drugih]], <ref name="allfrs" /> uključujući preko 280 nobelovaca od 1900. Po podacima iz oktobra 2018., ima približno 1.689 živih članova, stranih i počasnih članova, od kojih je preko 60 nobelovaca.<ref name="window">{{Cite web|url=https://royalsociety.org/~/media/Royal_Society_Content/about-us/fellowship/130810_ElectionProcess.pdf|title=Fellowship of the Royal Society: a window on the election process|last=Anon|year=2007|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160405141248/https://royalsociety.org/~/media/Royal_Society_Content/about-us/fellowship/130810_ElectionProcess.pdf|archive-date=2016-04-05}}</ref>
 
Članstvo u Kraljevskom društvu ''[[The Guardian]]'' je opisao kao "ekvivalent [[Oscar|Oscara]]a za životno djelo",<ref name="oscar">{{Cite web|url=https://www.theguardian.com/uk/2004/apr/29/science.research|title=Fellows keep Susan Greenfield off Royal Society list|last=Blackstock|first=Colin|year=2004|website=[[The Guardian]]|location=London|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150913043653/http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2004/apr/29/science.research|archive-date=2015-09-13}}</ref> a nekoliko institucija svake godine slavi njihovu objavu. <ref name="icr">{{Cite web|url=http://www.icr.ac.uk/news-archive/eminent-cancer-researchers-elected-to-royal-society-fellowship|title=Eminent cancer researchers elected to Royal Society Fellowship|last=Anon|year=2016|publisher=[[Institute of Cancer Research]]|location=London|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160525213345/http://www.icr.ac.uk/news-archive/eminent-cancer-researchers-elected-to-royal-society-fellowship|archive-date=2016-05-25}}</ref> <ref name="crickinstitute">{{Cite web|url=https://www.crick.ac.uk/news/news-archive/2016/04/29/royal-society-fellowship-for-crick-scientist/|title=Royal Society Fellowship for Crick scientist|last=Anon|year=2016|publisher=[[Francis Crick Institute]]|location=London|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160525213615/https://www.crick.ac.uk/news/news-archive/2016/04/29/royal-society-fellowship-for-crick-scientist/|archive-date=2016-05-25}}</ref> <ref name="manchester">{{Cite web|url=http://www.manchester.ac.uk/discover/news/manchester-scientists-elected-as-fellows-of-royal-society/|title=Manchester scientists elected as Fellows of Royal Society|last=Anon|year=2016|website=Manchester.ac.uk|publisher=[[University of Manchester]]|location=Manchester|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160507084045/http://www.manchester.ac.uk/discover/news/manchester-scientists-elected-as-fellows-of-royal-society/|archive-date=2016-05-07}}</ref> <ref name="imperial">{{Cite web|url=https://www.imperial.ac.uk/about/introducing-imperial/our-people/award-winners/royal-society-fellows/|title=Royal Society Fellows at Imperial College|last=Anon|year=2016|publisher=[[Imperial College London]]|location=London|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160415043849/https://www.imperial.ac.uk/about/introducing-imperial/our-people/award-winners/royal-society-fellows/|archive-date=2016-04-15}}</ref> <ref name="aberdeen">{{Cite web|url=https://www.abdn.ac.uk/news/9127/|title=Three University of Aberdeen researchers elected to Royal Society|last=Anon|year=2016|publisher=[[University of Aberdeen]]|location=Aberdeen|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160525214137/https://www.abdn.ac.uk/news/9127/|archive-date=2016-05-25}}</ref> <ref name="cam">{{Cite web|url=http://www.cam.ac.uk/research/news/the-royal-society-announces-election-of-new-fellows-2015|title=Five Cambridge University academics join the Royal Society|last=Anon|year=2016|publisher=[[University of Cambridge]]|location=Cambridge|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160424062813/http://www.cam.ac.uk/research/news/the-royal-society-announces-election-of-new-fellows-2015|archive-date=2016-04-24}}</ref> <ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.ox.ac.uk/news/2016-04-29-seven-oxford-academics-elected-fellows-royal-society|title=Seven Oxford academics elected Fellows of the Royal Society|last=Anon|year=2016|publisher=[[University of Oxford]]|location=Oxford|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160430105753/http://www.ox.ac.uk/news/2016-04-29-seven-oxford-academics-elected-fellows-royal-society|archive-date=2016-04-30}}</ref>
[[Datoteka:Weston_Library_Opening_by_John_Cairns_20.3.15-139_(cropped,_Hawking).jpg|mini|240x240piksel| [[Stephen Hawking]] izabran je za člana 1974. godine <ref name="hawkingfrs">{{Cite web|url=https://royalsociety.org/people/stephen-hawking-11594/|title=Stephen Hawking – Royal Society|website=Royalsociety.org|access-date=23 August 2018}}</ref>]]
[[Datoteka:Professor_Jennifer_Doudna_ForMemRS.jpg|mini|270x270piksel| [[Jennifer Doudna]] izabrana je za stranu članicu 2016]]