Razlika između izmjena na stranici "Donna Strickland"

Uklonjena 4 bajta ,  prije 1 mjesec
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nema sažetka izmjene
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oznaka: uređivanje izvornog kôda (2017)
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Bila je saradnica, potpredsjednica i predsjednica Optičkog društva, a trenutno je predsjednica njihovog Predsjedničkog savjetodavnog odbora. 2018. godine uvrštena je kao jedna od 100 žena BBC-a.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.bbc.com/news/world-46225037|title=BBC 100 Women 2018: Who is on the list?|date=19 November 2018|work=BBC News|access-date=23 July 2019|language=en-GB}}</ref>
 
Strickland je rođena 27. maja 1959. u Guelphu, Ontario, Kanada od Edith J. (rođena Ranney), nastavnice engleskog jezika, <ref name="whirlwind">{{Cite news|last=Booth|first=Laura|title=Scientist caught in a Nobel whirlwind|url=https://www.therecord.com/news-story/8943888-scientist-caught-in-a-nobel-whirlwind/?s=n1|access-date=4 October 2018|work=[[Waterloo Region Record]]|date=3 October 2018}}</ref> i Lloyda Stricklanda, inženjera elektrotehnike. <ref name="Thesis">{{Cite thesis|type=PhD}}<cite class="citation thesis cs1" data-ve-ignore="true" id="CITEREFStrickland1988">Strickland, Donna Theo (1988). [http://www.lle.rochester.edu/media/publications/documents/theses/Strickland.pdf ''Development of an ultra-bright laser and an application to multi-photon ionization''] <span class="cs1-format">(PDF)</span> (PhD). [[Univerzitet u Rochesteru|University of Rochester]]. [https://web.archive.org/web/20130707150743/http://www.lle.rochester.edu/media/publications/documents/theses/Strickland.pdf Archived] <span class="cs1-format">(PDF)</span> from the original on 7 July 2013<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">6 October</span> 2018</span>.</cite></ref> Nakon što je diplomirala na strukovnom institutu Guelph Collegiate, odlučila je pohađati [[univerzitet McMaster]] jer je njegov inženjerski program fizike uključivao lasere i elektrooptiku, područja koja su je posebno zanimala.<ref name="whirlwind" /> U McMasteru bila je jedna od tri žene u razredu od dvadeset pet. Strickland je stekla diplomu inženjera fizike u 1981. godine. <ref name="globeandmail">{{Cite news|last=Semeniuk|first=Ivan|title=Canada's newest Nobel Prize winner, Donna Strickland, 'just wanted to do something fun'|url=https://www.theglobeandmail.com/world/article-canadian-scientist-donna-strickland-shares-nobel-physics-prize/|access-date=3 October 2018|work=[[The Globe and Mail]]|date=2 October 2018}}</ref>
 
Strickland je diplomirala na Institutu za optiku, <ref name="jewel">{{Cite book|last=Mourou|first=Gérard|url=http://www2.optics.rochester.edu/~stroud/BookHTML/contents.htm|title=A Jewel in the Crown: 75th Anniversary Essays of The Institute of Optics of the University of Rochester|date=2004|publisher=Meliora Press|isbn=978-1580461627|editor-last=Stroud|editor-first=Carlos|location=Rochester, NY|page=272|chapter=53. The dawn of ultrafast science and technology at the University of Rochester|author-link=Gérard_Mourou|chapter-url=http://www2.optics.rochester.edu/~stroud/BookHTML/ChapVI_pdf/VI_53.pdf}}</ref> doktorirala na Univerzitetu u Rochesteru 1989. <ref name="TOS">{{Cite web|url=https://www.osa.org/en-us/history/biographies/donna-t-strickland/|title=Biographies – Donna T. Strickland|publisher=[[The Optical Society]]|access-date=2 October 2018}}</ref> <ref name="UWBio">{{Cite web|url=https://uwaterloo.ca/education-program-for-photonics-professionals/people-profiles/donna-strickland|title=Donna Strickland|date=11 September 2012|website=Education Program for Photonics Professionals|publisher=[[University of Waterloo]]|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20181002182312/https://uwaterloo.ca/education-program-for-photonics-professionals/people-profiles/donna-strickland|archive-date=2 October 2018|url-status=dead|access-date=2 October 2018}}</ref> Doktorsko istraživanje je provela u pridruženom Laboratoriju za lasersku energetiku, pod nadzorom [[Gérard Mourou|Gérarda Mouroua]]. <ref name="Valich Rochester">{{Cite news|url=http://www.rochester.edu/newscenter/rochesters-breakthrough-in-laser-science-earns-nobel-prize-340302/|title=Rochester breakthrough in laser science earns Nobel Prize|last=Valich|first=Lindsey|date=2 October 2018|work=Newscenter|access-date=4 October 2018|publisher=[[University of Rochester]]}}</ref> Strickland i Mourou radili su na razvoju eksperimentalne postavke koja bi mogla povećati maksimalnu snagu laserskih impulsa, kako bi se prevladalo ograničenje, da kada je maksimalni intenzitet laserskih impulsa dosegaodosegne gigavate po kvadratnom centimetru, samo-fokusiranje impulsa ozbiljno je oštetiloošteti pojačavajući dio lasera. Njihova 1985 tehnika cvrkutnog pulsnog pojačanja je ispružila svaki laserski impuls i spektralno i vremenski prije nego što ga pojača, onda komprimira svaki impuls vraćajući ga u njegovo prvobitno trajanje, stvarajući ultrakratki optički impuls [[Vat|teravat]]<nowiki/>nog do [[Vat|petawatt]]<nowiki/>nog intenziteta.<ref name="Thesis">{{Cite thesis|type=PhD}}<cite class="citation thesis cs1" data-ve-ignore="true" id="CITEREFStrickland1988">Strickland, Donna Theo (1988). [http://www.lle.rochester.edu/media/publications/documents/theses/Strickland.pdf ''Development of an ultra-bright laser and an application to multi-photon ionization''] <span class="cs1-format">(PDF)</span> (PhD). [[Univerzitet u Rochesteru|University of Rochester]]. [https://web.archive.org/web/20130707150743/http://www.lle.rochester.edu/media/publications/documents/theses/Strickland.pdf Archived] <span class="cs1-format">(PDF)</span> from the original on 7 July 2013<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">6 October</span> 2018</span>.</cite></ref> Korištenje pojačanog impulsnog pojačanja omogućilo je izgradnju manjih laserskih sistema velike snage na tipičnom laboratorijskom optičkom stolu, kao "stoni teravatni laser". <ref name="Valich Rochester" /> Rad je dobio [[Nobelova nagrada za fiziku|Nobelovu nagradu za fiziku]] 2018.<ref name="bbc2">{{Cite news|last=Murphy|first=Jessica|title=Donna Strickland: The 'laser jock' Nobel prize winner|url=https://www.bbc.com/news/world-us-canada-45722890|access-date=2 October 2018|work=[[BBC News]]|date=2 October 2018}}</ref>
[[Datoteka:Ultrafast_Laser_group.jpg|desno|mini| Stricklandova ultrabrza laserska grupa na Univerzitetu Waterloo 2017]]