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'''Józef Jerzy Kukuczka''' (24 mart 1948, [[Katowice]], [[Poljska]] – 24 oktobar 1989, [[Lhotse]], [[Nepal]]) bio je poljski alpinista.
 
On 18 SeptemberGodine 1987, he becamepostao theje seconddrugi mančovjek (afterposlije [[Reinhold Messner]]a), tokoji climbje allispenjao fourteensve eight-thousandersvrhove inpreko the8000 world;m. azašto featmu whichje tookbilo himpotrebno lessmanje thanod 8 years to accomplishgodina. Heod is14 the only person in the world who has climbed two eight-thousanders in one winter. Altogethervrhova, he ascended four eight-thousanders in winter,4 includingje threeispenjao asu firstzimskim ascentsuslovima. AlongZajedno withsa [[Tadeusz Piotrowski]]m, Kukuczka establishedse apopeo new route onna [[K2]] innovom alpine stylerutom (thenazvanom so-called[[poljska "Polish Line"linija]]), whichkoju nojoš oneniko hasnije repeatedponovio.
https://www.alpinejournal.org.uk/Contents/Contents_1990-91_files/AJ%201990%2032-34%20Doubrawa-Cochlin%20Kukuczka.pdf
http://publications.americanalpineclub.org/articles/12199330000 Moj vertkalni svijet
 
Počeo se penjati 1965 u Planinarskom društvu u [[Katowice|Katovicama]]. Slijedeće godine završio je planinarski kurs u [[Tatre|Tatrama]]. U Dolomitima je sa partnerima ispenjao novi smjer (Poljski pravac). Tom prilikom pogodio ga je kamen i ležao je u bolnici. Poslije 6 dana vratio se na planinu.i ispenjao još jedan novi smjer. Ponovo je došao slijedeće zime i ispenjao prvi zimski uspon na južnoj strani Marmolada d'Ombretta.
His first rock climbing (then only climbing) was in 1965 Soon he send alpication to Mountaineering Club in Katowice. In 1966 he pass mountaineering course in Tatra In Dolomites with partners send new route (Direttissima delli Polacci). At this ascent he was hit by stone, but all members of team end route. After this accident he spent 6 days in hospital and return to mountains. Restults: one new route and repeat Aste-Susati on Punta Civetta. He return to Dolomites in winter and do first winter ascent of Via dell'Ideale (soutrh face of Marmolada d'Ombretta).
 
Godine 1973. otišao je na [[Mon Blan]] gdje sa Wojciech Kurtyka i Marek Łukaszewskim penje novu rutu na Petit Jean-u. Slijedeće godine popeo se na Denali.
Summer of 1973 he go to Mount Blanc Massif. With Wojciech Kurtyka and Marek Łukaszewski do new route on Petit Dru (Petit Jean). At this trip he also do four first polish ascents (amont others: Major on Mount Blanc). In 1974 he ascend on Mt. McKinley (now Denali) on Alasca. He has several frostbites on toes and in generally he was weak on high altitiudes. One year later he get married with Cecylia Kukucza. On his honeymoon he do... new route on Grades Jorasses :-).
 
InČlan 1976ekspedicije hena goesHindukush topostao expeditionje to1976. Hindukushgod. HeIspenjao ascentje solo Kohe Awal andi Kohe Tez, a dvije godine kasnije još 2 uspona. Two years later he return and do two more good ascents.
 
InNa 1981[[New heZealand]] goesje tootišao New Zealand1981 withsa Krzysztof Wielicki and Ryszard Pawłowski.
== Lista usponaHimalaji ==
U Himalaje je otišao prvi put 1977. god. i redovno išao dok nije poginuo 1989. na Lhotse.
First time in Himalays he was in 1977. He tried Nanga Parbat, but without succes.
* [[Nanga Parbat]] - 1977, neuspješan pokušaj
* [[Lhotse]] - 1979, klasična ruta
* [[Mount Everest]] - 1980, 17. februara [[Leszek Cichy]] i [[Krzysztof Wielicki]] izveli su prvi zimski uspon na [[Mount Everest]].<ref name="Wielickiever">{{Cite web |url= https://sport.onet.pl/alpinizm/35-lat-temu-leszek-cichy-i-krzysztof-wielicki-jako-pierwsi-zdobyli-zima-mount-everest/mnchc |title=Leszek Cichy i Krzysztof Wielicki - prije 35 godina osvojili Mount Everest |work=sport.onet.pl - 16.07.2015 |accessdate= 13. 10. 2020}}</ref> Ekspediciju je vodio [[Andrzej Zawada|Andrzeja Zawade]], a istovremeno je pravio plan za slijedeću ekspediciju. Nakon samo mjesec dana priprema u Poljskoj Zawada je doveo novu ekspediciju. [[Andrzej Czok]] i [[Jerzy Kukuczka]] osvojili su Everest 19. maja, 1980. penjući se novom rutom po Jugozapadnoj strani (Pillar strana). Bio je to jedini uspon da je Kukuczka koristio dodatni kisik prilikom uspona na 14 vrhova.
* [[Makalu]] - 1981, nova ruta, solo
* [[Broad Peak]] - 1982, klasična ruta, [[alpski stil]], sa Wojciech Kurtyka
* [[Gasherbrum I]] i [[Gasherbrum II]] - 1983, nova ruta u alpskom stilu, zajedno sa [[Wojciech Kurtyka|Wojciech Kurtykom]]
* [[Broad Peak]] - 1984, nova ruta, [[alpski stil]], zajedno sa Wojciech Kurtykom
* [[Kangchenjunga]] - 1986, klasična ruta, prvi zimski uspon, partner [[Krzysztof Wielicki]].
* [[K2]] - 1986, nova ruta, alpski stil
* [[Manaslu]] - 1986, nova ruta, alpski stil, sa Artur Hajzerom
* [[Annapurna]] I - 1987, prvi zimski uspon
* [[Shishapangma]] - 1987, nova ruta, alpski stil<ref name="Kukuška">{{Cite web |url= http://winterclimb.com/climbing-base/item/3-jerzy-kukuczka |title=Jerzy Kukuczka - Autobiografija |work=sport.onet.pl - 16.07.2015 |accessdate= 13. 10. 2020}}</ref>
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