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Počinjući prvo izdanje ''Systema Naturae'', Linnaeus je klasificirao ljude među [[primat]]e (kako su kasnije nazvani). Tokom boravka u Hartekampu, imao je priliku da ispita nekoliko majmuna i istakao sličnosti između njih i čovjeka. Naglasio je da u osnovi imaju istu anatomiju, a izuzev [[govor]]a, nije našao druge razlike. Frängsmyr ''et al.'' (1983) citiraju Linnaeusa, objašnjavajući da stvarne su razlika nužno odsutne iz njegovog sistema klasifikacije, ako to nisu bile [[morfologija (biologija)|morfološke]] karakteristike: ''"Ja dobro znam šta je sjajno velika razlika koja postoji [između] čovjeka i '' beštije'' (doslovno, "zvijer", to jest, ne-ljudska životinja) kad ih gledam iz ugla [[moral]]nosti. Čovjek je životinja za koju je [[Kreator]] vidio da se uklapa u čast s takvim veličanstvenim [[um]]om i podrazumijevajuće usvojenim sposobnostima koje ga pripremaju za plemenitiji život"'',<ref>https://books.google.com/books?id=wIkOAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA179#v=onepage&q&f=false books.google.com.</ref> među kojima Linnaeus navodi značajan kapacitet za uočavanju uzroka, kao i razlikovanje karakteristika ljudi.
 
Ovaj dio Lineove klasifikacije je pretrpilo kritiku drugih, tada poznatih biologa, kao što su [[Johan Gottschalk Wallerius]], [[Jacob Theodor Klein]] i [[Johann Georg Gmelin]] na terenu da je nelogično da se čovjek opiše kao "čovjekoliki".<ref>{{cite web |url=http://linnaeus.c18.net/Letters/display_txt.php?id_letter=L0759 |author=Johann Georg Gmelin |title=Letter to Carl Linnaeus |date=30. December12. 1746 |location=St. Petersburg, Russia |work=The Linnean Correspondence |accessdate=4. October10. 2011 |id=L0759}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |url=http://linnaeus.c18.net/Letters/display_txt.php?id_letter=L0783 |author=Carl Linnaeus |title=Letter to Johann Georg Gmelin |date=25. February2. 1747 |location=Uppsala, Sweden |work=The Linnean Correspondence |accessdate=4. October10. 2011 |id=L0783}}</ref><ref>[http://linnaeus.c18.net/mss_combine/UUB/L-GmelinJG/L0783-a-150-02.jpg JPG]</ref><ref>http://groups.google.com/group/talk.origins/browse_thread/thread/39a07ac72ab23aed/</ref><ref>Slotkin|Slotkin (1965)]], [https://books.google.com/books?id=wIkOAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA180#v=onepage&q&f=false p. 180].|group=note}}</ref>
 
Ostali koji slijede su bili skloniji davanju ljudima posebnog mjesta u klasifikaciji. [[Johann Friedrich Blumenbach]] je u prvom izdanju svoje knjige ''Manual of Natural History'' ([[1779]].), predložio da se primati podijele u ''Quadrumana'' (četveroruki, odnosno repati i bezrepi majmuni ) i ''Bimana'' (dvoruki, odnosno ljudi). Ovo su preuzeli i neki drugi ugledni prirodnjaci, prije svih [[Georges Cuvier]]. Neki su podigli razliku čak na razinu [[red (biologija)|reda]]. Međutim, mnoga zajednička obilježja ljudi i drugih primata – a posebno [[veliki majmuni|velikih majmuna]] – jasno je pokazala da razlike nemaju naučni smisao. [[Charles Darwin]] je u ''Porijeklu čovjeka''...[[1871]]. napisao:
* {{cite book |last=Broberg |first=Gunnar |title=Carl Linnaeus |authorlink=Gunnar Broberg |year=2006 |publisher=Swedish Institute |location=Stockholm |isbn=978-91-520-0912-3 |ref=Broberg}}
* {{cite book | last1=Davis | first1=P. H. |author1-link= Peter Hadland Davis| last2=Heywood | first2=V. H. |author2-link= Vernon Heywood | year=1973 | title=Principles of Angiosperm Taxonomy | location=Huntington, New York | publisher=Robert E. Krieger Publishing Company | ref=Davis }}
* {{cite book|last1=Fara|first1=Patricia|authorlink=Patricia Fara|title=Sex, Botany and Empire: The Story of Carl Linnaeus and Joseph Banks|date=2003|publisher=Icon Books|location=Cambridge|isbn=9781840464443|url=https://books.google.ca/books?id=TtmhBQAAQBAJ|accessdate=22. February2. 2015|ref=harv}}
* {{cite book |last=Frängsmyr |first=Tore |last2=Lindroth |first2=Sten |last3=Eriksson |first3=Gunnar |last4=Broberg |first4=Gunnar |title=Linnaeus, the man and his work |url=https://books.google.com/?id=RrKiQgAACAAJ&dq=Linnaeus+the+man+and+his+works |year=1983 |publisher=University of California Press |location=Berkeley and Los Angeles |isbn=978-0-7112-1841-3 |ref=Frängsmyr}}
* {{cite book |last=Frodin |first=D. G. |year=2001 |title=Guide to Standard Floras of the World: an Annotated, Geographically Arranged Systematic Bibliography of the Principal Floras, Enumerations, Checklists, and Chorological Atlases of Different Areas |edition=2nd |publisher=Cambridge University Press |isbn=978-0-521-79077-2 |chapter=The evolution of floras |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=aMjXCF4rmDUC&pg=PA27&lpg=PA27 |pages=24–51 |ref=Frodin}}
* {{cite book |last=Marks |first=Jonathan |chapter=Ten facts about human variation |title=Human Evolutionary Biology |editor1-last=Muehlenbein |editor1-first=Michael |year=2010 |publisher=Cambridge University Press |isbn=978-0-521-87948-4 |pages=265–276 |url=https://books.google.com/books?id=3NRf_8gwmO8C&pg=PA265 |ref=Marks}}
* {{cite journal |last=Östholm |first=Hanna |year=2007 |title=The Linnaean Legacy: Three Centuries after his Birth |editor=Mary J. Morris and Leonie Berwick |volume=Special Issue No. 8 |pages=35–44 |journal=The Linnean |publisher=Newsletter and Proceedings of the Linnean Society of London |url=http://www.linnean.org/fileadmin/images/Linnean/Special_Issue_8_-_The_Linneaen_Legacy.pdf |format=Portable Document Format PDF |ref=Östholm |date= |access-date=20. 7. 2016 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110717202527/http://www.linnean.org/fileadmin/images/Linnean/Special_Issue_8_-_The_Linneaen_Legacy.pdf |archive-date=17. 7. 2011 |url-status=dead }}
* {{cite journal |last=Quammen |first=David |authorlink=David Quammen |date=Junejuni 2007 |title=The Name Giver |journal=National Geographic |url=http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/2007/06/linnaeus-name-giver/david-quammen-text/1 |accessdate=3. 4. 2010 |ref=Quammen}}
* {{cite book | last1=Reveal | first1=James L. | last2=Pringle | first2=James S. | year=1993 | chapter=7. Taxonomic Botany and Floristics | title=Flora of North America | volume=1 | location=New York and Oxford | publisher=Oxford University Press | isbn=0-19-505713-9 | ref=Reveal }}
* {{cite book | last=Simpson | first=George Gaylord | year=1961 | title=Principles of Animal Taxonomy | location=New York and London | publisher=Columbia University Press | ref=Simpson }}
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