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'''Republika''' je [[Oblik vladavine|vrsta vladavine]] države gdje vođa države nije [[Monarhija|monarh]].<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=UTkBAAAAYAAJ&dq=%22res%20publica%22%20republic%20democracy%20monarch&pg=PA640#v=onepage&q=%22A%20republic,%20according%20to%20the%20modern%20usage%20of%20the%20word,%20signifies%20a%20political%20community%20which%20is%20not%20under%20monarchical%20government%22&f=false|title=The Standard Library Cyclopedia of Political, Constitutional, Statistical and Forensic Knowledge|last=Bohn|first=H. G.|date=|publisher=|year=1849|isbn=|location=|pages=640|language=en|quote=A ''republic'', according to the modern usage of the word, signifies a political community which is not under monarchical government ... in which one person does not possess the entire sovereign power.|via=}}</ref><ref name="M-W">{{Cite web|url=https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/republic|title=Definition of Republic|last=|first=|date=|website=Merriam-Webster Dictionary|language=en|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|access-date=2017-02-18|quote=a government having a chief of state who is not a monarch ... a government in which supreme power resides in a body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by elected officers and representatives responsible to them and governing according to law}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=http://www.dictionary.com/browse/republic|title=The definition of republic|last=|first=|date=|website=Dictionary.com|archive-url=|archive-date=|dead-url=|access-date=2017-02-18|quote=a state in which the supreme power rests in the body of citizens entitled to vote and is exercised by representatives chosen directly or indirectly by them. ... a state in which the head of government is not a monarch or other hereditary head of state.}}</ref> Riječ potiče od [[latinski jezik|latinskog]] izraza "res publica", ili "opće dobro" ili u nekim slučajevima znači "republika", i sugerira da je vlasnik i vođa države sam narod. Pojam [[demokratija|demokratije]], međutim, nije implicitno povezan za republiku. Republikanski oblik vlasti može sadržavati ograničenu demokratiju, gdje takve moći pripadaju samo jednom djelu naroda. U nekim slučajevima, republika može biti diktatorska ili totalitarna država. Pojam također može uključivati predstavničke demokratije.
 
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