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(Prijevod engleskog članka - trebalo bi infobox urediti i još par fusnota.)
{{Infobox royalty|nameGodina rođenja=Al-Mansur<br714 />أبوn.e.|Godina جعفر عبدالله بن محمد المنصور|titlesmrti=|image=[[File:Abbasid775 Dinar - Al Mansur - 140 AHn.e. (75861 ADgodina).JPG|200px]]|caption=[[GoldVrijeme dinar]] of al-Mansur|successionVladavine=2nd6 [[Caliph]] of the [[Abbasid Caliphate]]|reign=10 JuneJuni 754 – 6 October 775|coronation=|predecessor=[[as-Saffah]]|successor=[[al-Mahdi]]|birth_date=714 AD|birth_place=[[Bilad al-Sham|Syria]]|death_date=6 OctoberOktobar 775 (aged 61)|death_place=nearPuno [[Mecca]], [[Abbasid Caliphate]], now [[Saudi Arabia]]|spouseIme=ArwaEbu bintDžafer Mansur<br>HammadahAbdullah bintibn Isa<br>FatimahMuhammed bint Muhammad bin Abi Talha<br>Aliyah bint alel-Ummaiyah<br>Al-Jariyah al-Rummaiyah<br>Al-Jariyah al-kurdiyahMensur|issueNasljednik=[[Alel-Mahdi]]Mehdi|full nameOtac=Abu Ja'far Abdallah ibn Muhammad al-Mansur|house=|father=[[MuhammadMuhammed ibn Ali ibn Abdallah]]Abdullah|motherMajka=Sallamah|religionReligija=[[Islam]]|place of burial=}} '''El-Mensur''' ili '''Ebu Džafer Abdullah ibn Muhammed el-Mensur''' (95 AH – 158 AH (6. Juni 714 AD– 6. oktobraOktobar 775 OGLASn.e.);<ref>Al-Souyouti, Tarikh Al-Kholafa'a (The History of Caliphs)</ref> {{Jez-ar|أبو جعفر عبدالله بن محمد المنصور}}) bio je drugi [[Abasidski halifat|Abasidsk]]<nowiki/>i Halifa koji je vladao od 136 AH do 158 AH (754 AD – 775 n.e.)<ref>Stanley Lane-Poole, The Coins of the Eastern Khaleefahs in the British Museum</ref><ref name="Axworthy">[//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Axworthy Axworthy, Michael] (2008); ''A History of Iran''; Basic, USA; [//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:BookSources/9780465008889 ISBN 978-0-465-00888-9]. </ref> i naslijedio je svog starijeg brata [[Es-seffâh|Abu al-'Abbas al-SaffahSaffaha]]. El-Mensur da je generalno smatran za pravi osnivača abasidskog halifata, jedne od najvećih političkih jedinica u historiji svijeta kao i za svoju ulogu u stabilnoj i institucionaliziranoj dinastiji.<ref>''The Cambridge History of Islam, volume 1: The Formation of the Islamic World'', ed. </ref> On je također poznat po osnivanju grada' Madinat al-Salama koji je postao jezgro carskog [[Bagdad]]|Bagdad<nowiki/>a]].<ref>''The Cambridge History of Islam, volume 1: The Formation of the Islamic World'', ed. </ref>
 
== Biografija ==
El-Mensur je rođen u Abasidskoj porodici nakon njihovog odlaska iz Hidžaza 95 AH (714 N.E.). "Njegov otac, a Muhamed je nesumnjivo bio veliki unuk Abbas b. Sure al-Muttaliba, najmlađeg ujaka [[Muhammed|Muhamed]]<nowiki/>a]]; njegova majka, kao što je opisano u historijskom izvoru Marokanca Rawd al-Qirtasa iz 14og stoljeća da je jedna Sallama, "Berberska žena rodila njegovog oca." <ref>[https://books.google.com/books?id=Zqd-nLqwXdcC&pg=PT243&dq=#v=onepage&q&f=false World's Great Men of Color vol.]</ref> vladao od Zul-Hidže do Zul-Hidže 136 AH - 158 AH (754 n.e. – 775 n.e.). U 762. godini osniva novi glavni grad i palatu Madinat'-es-Selam (grad mira), koja će postati uskoro jezgro glavnog grada [[Bagdad]]|Bagdad<nowiki/>a]].<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Charles Wendell|year=1971|title=Baghdad: Imago Mundi, and Other Foundation-Lore|journal=International Journal of Middle East Studies|volume=2}}</ref> El-Mensur je bio zabrinut za čvrstinu njegove vladavine nakon smrti njegovog brata Abu l `Abbas (kasnije poznatom kao [[Es-seffâh|kao Saffah]]). U 754 je pobijedio Abdalah ibn Alija pretenziju za halifat, i u 755 je on naručio atentat na Ebu Muslima. Ebu Muslim je bio oslobođeni rob iz Iranske provincije Horasan koji je bio na čelu Abasidskih vojski donio pobjedu u Trećoj Fitni u 749-750; on je bio podređenik el-Mensuru ali također i neprikosnoveni vladar Irana i Transoksanije (Maveraunnehra). Atentat je rezultat straha el-Mensura za preveliku moć Ebu Muslima koji je mogao da pokrene borbu za prevlast u carstvu i oživi stare iranske carske ambicije. 
[[Kategorija:Članci koji trebaju izvor|El-Mensur]]
 
Tokom njegove vladavine, Islamska književnost i učevnjaštvo počinje da doživljava procvat uz podršku Abasidske promocije naučnih istraživanja, a to se najbolje vidi po sponzoriranom prevodilačnom pokretu. el-Mensur je dao sastaviti komitet, uglavnom sastavljen od Asirskih kršćana i bio je osnovan u Bagdadu sa svrhom prevođenja sačuvanih grčkih radova na arapski. Zbog Abasidske orijentacije prema Istoku, mnogi Persijanci počinju da igraju snažnu kulturnu i političku ulogu u carstvu. Ovo je velika razlika naspram prethodne Omejidske epohe, u kojoj ne-Arapi su držani dalje od vlasti i administracije. ''Shu'ubiya;'' pokret koji se javlja sa rastom Iranske autonomije je literani pokret među Persijancima koji su izrazili vjeru u superiornost persijske umjetnosti i kulture, i katalizirali pojavu Arapsko-persijskih dijaloga u IX stoljeću.
 
Godine 756., el-Mensur šalje više od 4.000 Arapskih plaćenika da pomogne Kineze u An Shi Pobuni protiv An Lushana; nakon rata, oni su ostali u Kini.<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=Jskyi00bspcC&pg=PA92&dq=arab+mercenaries+song+dynasty&q|title=A history of Vietnam: from Hong Bang to Tu Duc|last=Oscar Chapuis|publisher=Greenwood Publishing Group|year=1995|isbn=0313296227|page=92|access-date=28 June 2010}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=5LSvkQvvmAMC&pg=PA283&dq=arab+mercenaries+china&q=arab%20mercenaries%20china|title=The religious traditions of Asia: religion, history, and culture|last=Joseph Mitsuo Kitagawa|publisher=Routledge|year=2002|isbn=0700717625|page=283|access-date=28 June 2010}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=8rhPAAAAMAAJ&dq=arab+mercenaries+song+dynasty&q=arab+mercenaries|title=China: a history in art|last=Bradley Smith, Wango H. C. Weng|publisher=Harper & Row|year=1972|page=129|access-date=28 June 2010}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=6SACPP8mZQ8C&pg=PA53&dq=arab+mercenaries+song+dynasty&q|title=Hong Kong images: people and animals|last=Hugh D. R. Baker|publisher=Hong Kong University Press|year=1990|isbn=9622092551|page=53|access-date=28 June 2010}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=CqkeAAAAIAAJ&q=arab+mercenaries+china&dq=arab+mercenaries+china|title=China: a short cultural history|last=Charles Patrick Fitzgerald|publisher=Praeger|year=1961|page=332|access-date=28 June 2010}}</ref> Al pjesnik kaže da je se naziva "A-p'u-ch'a-fo":u Kineskim T'ang Analima.<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=ObcNAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA25&dq=Several+embassies+from+the+Abbaside+Caliphs+to+the+Chinese+Court+are+recorded+in+the+T'ang+Annals,+the+most+important+of+these+being+those+of+(A-bo-lo-ba)+Abul+Abbas,+the+founder+of+the+new+dynasty,+that+of+(Ap'u-cKa-fo)+Abu+Giafar&hl=en&ei=TvXmTtW1I8Lo0QGz4rHvCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDQQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=Several%20embassies%20from%20the%20Abbaside%20Caliphs%20to%20the%20Chinese%20Court%20are%20recorded%20in%20the%20T'ang%20Annals%2C%20the%20most%20important%20of%20these%20being%20those%20of%20(A-bo-lo-ba)%20Abul%20Abbas%2C%20the%20founder%20of%20the%20new%20dynasty%2C%20that%20of%20(Ap'u-cKa-fo)%20Abu%20Giafar&f=false|title=Islam in China: a neglected problem|last=Marshall Broomhall|publisher=Morgan & Scott, ltd.|year=1910|location=LONDON 12 PATERNOSTER BUILDINGS, E.C.|pages=25, 26|access-date=14 December 2011}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=XJqCAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA150&dq=According+to+Giles,+the+true+stock+of+the+present+Chinese+Mohammedans+was+a+small+army+of+four+thousand+Arabian+soldiers,+who,+being+sent+by+the+Khaleef+Abu+Giafar+in+755+to+aid+in+putting+down+a+rebellion,+were+subsequently+permitted&hl=en&ei=EfbmTq-VKaL50gGHlrHsCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDUQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=According%20to%20Giles%2C%20the%20true%20stock%20of%20the%20present%20Chinese%20Mohammedans%20was%20a%20small%20army%20of%20four%20thousand%20Arabian%20soldiers%2C%20who%2C%20being%20sent%20by%20the%20Khaleef%20Abu%20Giafar%20in%20755%20to%20aid%20in%20putting%20down%20a%20rebellion%2C%20were%20subsequently%20permitted&f=false|title=China: its history, arts and literature, Volume 2|last=Frank Brinkley|publisher=J.B.Millet company|year=1902|volume=Volumes 9–12 of Trübner's oriental series|location=BOSTON AND TOKYO|pages=149, 150, 151, 152|access-date=14 December 2011}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=5ukVAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA150&dq=According+to+Giles,+the+true+stock+of+the+present+Chinese+Mohammedans+was+a+small+army+of+four+thousand+Arabian+soldiers,+who,+being+sent+by+the+Khaleef+Abu+Giafar+in+755+to+aid+in+putting+down+a+rebellion,+were+subsequently+permitted&hl=en&ei=HffmTtG4KKTl0QHfoZHfCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=2&ved=0CDsQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=According%20to%20Giles%2C%20the%20true%20stock%20of%20the%20present%20Chinese%20Mohammedans%20was%20a%20small%20army%20of%20four%20thousand%20Arabian%20soldiers%2C%20who%2C%20being%20sent%20by%20the%20Khaleef%20Abu%20Giafar%20in%20755%20to%20aid%20in%20putting%20down%20a%20rebellion%2C%20were%20subsequently%20permitted&f=false|title=Japan [and China]: China; its history, arts and literature|last=Frank Brinkley|publisher=Jack|year=1904|volume=Volume 10 of Japan [and China]: Its History, Arts and Literature|location=LONDON 34 HENRIETTA STREET, W. C. AND EDINBURGH|pages=149, 150, 151, 152|access-date=14 December 2011}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=N6dFAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA317&dq=These+were+not+preaching+or+proselytising+inroads,+but+commercial+enterprises,+and+in+the+latter+half+of+the+eighth+century+there+were+Moslem+troops+in+Shensi,+3000+men,+under+Abu+Giafar,+coming+to+support+the+dethroned+Emperor+in+ad&hl=en&ei=6ffmTpi8BuTh0QH6_YmJCg&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDAQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=These%20were%20not%20preaching%20or%20proselytising%20inroads%2C%20but%20commercial%20enterprises%2C%20and%20in%20the%20latter%20half%20of%20the%20eighth%20century%20there%20were%20Moslem%20troops%20in%20Shensi%2C%203000%20men%2C%20under%20Abu%20Giafar%2C%20coming%20to%20support%20the%20dethroned%20Emperor%20in%20ad&f=false|title=The Chinese people: a handbook on China ...|last=Arthur Evans Moule|publisher=Society for promoting Christian knowledge|year=1914|location=LONDON NORTHUMBERLAND AVENUE, W.C.|page=317|access-date=14 December 2011}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=yz5KAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA141&dq=The+true+stock+of+the+present+Chinese+Mahomedans+was+a+small+army+of+4000+Arabian+soldiers+sent+by+the+Khaleef+Abu+Giafar+in+755+to+aid+in+putting+down+a+rebellion.+These+soldiers+had+permission+to+settle+in+China,+where+they+married&hl=en&ei=x_jmTt-kMKbh0QHMwqXtCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=1&ved=0CDsQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=The%20true%20stock%20of%20the%20present%20Chinese%20Mahomedans%20was%20a%20small%20army%20of%204000%20Arabian%20soldiers%20sent%20by%20the%20Khaleef%20Abu%20Giafar%20in%20755%20to%20aid%20in%20putting%20down%20a%20rebellion.%20These%20soldiers%20had%20permission%20to%20settle%20in%20China%2C%20where%20they%20married&f=false|title=A glossary of reference on subjects connected with the Far East|last=Herbert Allen Giles|first=|publisher=Messrs. Lane|year=1886|isbn=|edition=2|location=HONGKONG|page=141|pages=|quote=MAHOMEDANS: IEJ Iej. First settled in China in the Year of the Mission, A.D. 628, under Wahb-Abi-Kabcha a maternal uncle of Mahomet, who was sent with presents to the Emperor. Wahb-Abi-Kabcha travelled by sea to Cantoa, and thence overland to Si-ngan Fu, the capital, where he was well received. The first mosque was built at Canton, where, after several restorations, it still exists. Another mosque was erected in 742, but many of these M. came to China simply as traders, and by and by went back to their own country. The true stock of the present Chinese Mahomedans was a small army of 4,000 Arabian soldiers sent by the Khaleef Abu Giafar in 755 to aid in putting down a rebellion. These soldiers had permission to settle in China, where they married native wives; and three centuries later, with the conquests of Genghis Khan, largo numbers of Arabs penetrated into the Empire and swelled the Mahomedan community.|access-date=14 December 2011}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=drPQaUGOJQIC&pg=PA138&dq=abu+giafar+chinese&hl=en&ei=LPTmToPPEsHj0QHPm4nWCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=6&ved=0CE4Q6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=harun%20raschid%20less%20obtrusive&f=false|title=Confucianism and its rivals|last=Herbert Allen Giles|first=|publisher=Forgotten Books|year=1926|isbn=1606802488|location=|page=139|pages=|quote=In 789 the Khalifa Harun al Raschid dispatched a mission to China, and there had been one or two less important missions in the seventh and eighth centuries; but from 879, the date of the Canton massacre, for more than three centuries to follow, we hear nothing of the Mahometans and their religion. They were not mentioned in the edict of 845, which proved such a blow to Buddhism and Nestorian Christianity perhaps because they were less obtrusive in ithe propagation of their religion, a policy aided by the absence of anything like a commercial spirit in religious matters.|access-date=14 December 2011}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=AaqwzVeg__IC&pg=PA223&dq=abu+giafar+chinese&hl=en&ei=LPTmToPPEsHj0QHPm4nWCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7&ved=0CFQQ6AEwBg#v=onepage&q=mussulman%20families%20are%20still%20found%20canton%20foochow&f=false|title=Confucianism and its Rivals|last=|first=|publisher=Forgotten Books|year=|isbn=145100849X|location=|page=223|pages=|quote=ThePrva firstdžamija mosquesagrađena builtje atu CantonKantonu, where, after several restorations, it may still be seen. The minaret, known as the Bare Pagoda, to distinguish it from a much more ornamental Buddhist pagoda near by, dates back to 850. There must at that time have been a considerable number of Mahometans in Canton, thought not so many as might be supposed if reliance could be placed on the figures given in reference to a massacre which took place in 879. The fact is that most of these Mahometans went to China simply as traders; they did not intend to settle permanently in the country, and when business permitted, they returned to their old haunts. About two thousand Mussulman families are still to be found at Canton, and a similar number at Foochow; descendants, perhaps, of the old sea-borne contingents which began to arrive in the seventh and eighth centuries. These remnants have nothing to do with the stock from which came the comparatively large Mussulman communities now living and practising their religion in the provinces of Ssŭch'uan, Yünnan, and Kansuh. The origin of the latter was as follows. In A.D. 756 the Khalifa Abu Giafar sent a small army of three thousand Arab soldiersnakon tokoje aidslijedi injoš puttingpar downu aprovinciji rebellionXinjiang.|access-date=14 December 2011}}</ref>
<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?ei=28LnTsDrG8bs0gG51sTtCQ&ct=result&id=oLnXAAAAMAAJ&dq=abu+giafar+chinese&q=China+%E2%80%A2+Arab+troops+were+dispatched+by+Abu+Gia-+far+to+China.|title=The Muslim diaspora: a comprehensive reference to the spread of Islam in Asia, Africa, Europe, and the Americas|last=Everett Jenkins|first=|publisher=McFarland|year=1999|isbn=0786404310|edition=illustrated|volume=Volume 1 of The Muslim Diaspora|location=|page=61|pages=|quote=ChinaKina, Arapske Arabtrupe troopssu wereposlane dispatchedu by Abu Gia- far to China.Kinu|access-date=14 December 2011}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=XVMuAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA295&dq=abu+giafar+chinese&hl=en&ei=28LnTsDrG8bs0gG51sTtCQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=5&ved=0CEQQ6AEwBDgK#v=onepage&q=abu%20giafar%20chinese&f=false|title=Travels in Indo-China and the Chinese empire|page=295|access-date=21 May 2013|dead-url=no}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?ei=28LnTsDrG8bs0gG51sTtCQ&ct=result&id=QvtwAAAAMAAJ&dq=abu+giafar+chinese&q=abu+giafar|title=Embers in Cathay|last=Stanley Ghosh|first=|publisher=Doubleday|year=1961|isbn=|location=|page=60|pages=|quote=During the reign of Abbassid Caliph Abu Giafar in the middle of the eighth century, many Arab soldiers evidently settled near the garrisons on the Chinese frontier.|access-date=14 December 2011}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?ei=mMnnTpWzPIPe0QH2ys39CQ&ct=result&id=qMSBAAAAIAAJ&dq=abu+giafar+chinese&q=785|title=Chinesische Geschichte|last=Heinrich Hermann|publisher=D. Gundert|year=1912|page=77|language=German|access-date=14 December 2011}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=3tvjAAAAMAAJ&q=abu+giafar+chinese&dq=abu+giafar+chinese&hl=en&ei=mMnnTpWzPIPe0QH2ys39CQ&sa=X&oi=book_result&ct=result&resnum=7&ved=0CE0Q6AEwBjge|title=Deutsche Literaturzeitung für Kritik der Internationalen Wissenschaft, Volume 49, Issues 27–52|publisher=Weidmannsche Buchhandlung|year=1928|page=1617|access-date=14 December 2011}}</ref>{{excessive citations|date=March 2017}}
 
El-Mensur umro je 775. godine na putu do [[Mekka|Meke]] da obavi hadž. On je pokopan negdje usput u jedan od stotine grobova kako da sakrilo njegovo tijelo od Omejada. Naslijedio ga je njegov sin, el-Mehdi.
 
== Reference ==
{{reflist|2}}Vrijeme liniji
 
== Vrijeme liniji ==
 
[[Kategorija:Rođeni 714.]]
[[Kategorija:Umrli 775.]]
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