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U Bosni i Hercegovini, [[glavni grad]] [[Sarajevo]] je jedina metropola. Sarajevo je politički, ekonomski, obrazovni, kulturni i infrastrukturalni centar. Štaviše, Sarajevo ima regionalni utjecaj u politici, obrazovanju, zabavi, medijima, modi, nauci i umjetnosti.
Sa metropolskim područjem od preko 600 hiljada,<ref>http://www.bhas.ba/obavjestenja/Preliminarni_rezultati_bos.pdf</ref> treći je najveći grad u regiji bivše [[SFRJ|Jugoslavije]] i peti najveći na [[Balkan]]u.
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==== Denmark ====
[[Statistics Denmark]] defines a "storby"{{fact|date=March 2015}} ([[Danish language|Danish]] for metropolis) as an area with more than 100,000 inhabitants. Inhabited houses must be within 200 meters of each other, or they are not to be considered a single area. Following that definition, Denmark is home to 4 metropolis: [[Copenhagen]] (the national capital, with 1,230,728 people), [[Aarhus]] (the largest city of the Jutland-peninsula, with 324,000 people/1.2 million in Greater Aarhus), [[Odense]] (170,327 people), and finally [[Aalborg]], with 106,916 inhabitants.
 
==== GermanyDanska ====
Statistike Danske definiraju "storby" ([[Danski jezik|dan.]] za metropola) kao podučje sa više od 100.000 stanovnika. Naseljene kuće moraju biti na udaljenosti od 200 metara jedna od druge, ili se smatraju jednom oblašću. Prateći tu definiciju, Danska je dom za 4 metropole: [[Kopenhagen]] (glavni grad, sa 1.230.728 ljudi), [[Aarhus]] (najveći grad poluostrva Jutland, sa 324.000 ljudi/1,2 miliona u Greater Aarhusu), [[Odense]] (170.327 ljudi), i konačno [[Aalborg]], sa 106.916 stanovnika.
{{Main|Metropolitan regions in Germany}}
[[Datoteka:Oberbaumbruecke beim Berliner Osthafen cropped.jpg|thumb|[[Berlin]] is Germany's largest city.]]
The largest German city by administrative borders is [[Berlin]], while [[Rhine-Ruhr]] is the largest metropolitan area (with more than 10 million people). The importance of a city is measured with three groups of indicators, also called metropolitan functions: The decision making and control function, the innovation and competition function and the gateway function. These functions are seen as key domains for metropolitan regions in developing their performance.
 
==== Njemačka ====
In spatial planning a metropolis is usually observed within its regional context, thus the focus is mainly set on the metropolitan regions. These regions can be mono central or multi central. Eleven metropolitan regions have been defined due to these indicators:
[[Datoteka:Oberbaumbruecke beim Berliner Osthafen cropped.jpg|thumb|[[Berlin]] isje Germany'snajveći largestnjemački citygrad.]]
[[Berlin Metropolitan Region|Berlin-Brandenburg]], [[Bremen/Oldenburg Metropolitan Region|Bremen-Oldenburg]], [[Central German Metropolitan Region|Dresden-Halle-Leipzig]], [[Frankfurt/Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region|Frankfurt-Rhine-Main]], [[Hamburg Metropolitan Region|Hamburg]], [[Hannover-Braunschweig-Göttingen-Wolfsburg Metropolitan Region|Hannover-Braunschweig-Göttingen-Wolfsburg]], [[Munich]], [[Nuremberg Metropolitan Region|Nuremberg]], [[Rhine-Neckar]], [[Rhine-Ruhr Metropolitan Region|Rhine-Ruhr]] (with [[Cologne/Bonn Region|Cologne/Bonn]]), and [[Stuttgart Metropolitan Region|Stuttgart]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.deutsche-metropolregionen.org/ |title=Initiativkreise Europäische Metropolregion in Deutschland: IKM |publisher=Deutsche-metropolregionen.org |date= |accessdate=2012-10-29}}</ref>
Najveći njemački grad po administrativnim granicama je [[Berlin]], dok je [[Rhine-Ruhr]] najveća metropolitanska oblast (sa više od 10 miliona ljudi). Važnost grada se mjeri sa tri grupe pokazatelja, također zvanim metropolitanske funkcije: Funkcija za pravljenje i kontrliranje odluka, funkcija za inovacije i kompetenciju te funkcija kapije. Ove funkcije se vide kao ključne domene za metropolitanske regije u razvijanju njihovih performansi.
 
U prostornom planiranju metropola se često posmatra unutar svog regionalnog konteksta, tako da je fokus uglavnom postavljen na metropolitanske regije. Ove regije mogu biti monocentralne ili multicentralne. Jedanaest metropolitanskih regija su bile definirane prema ovim pokazateljima: Berlin-Brandenburg, Bremen-Oldenburg, Dresden-Halle-Leipzig, Frankfurt-Rhine-Main, Hamburg, Hannover-Braunschweig-Göttingen-Wolfsburg, Munchen, Nuremberg, Rhine-Neckar, Rhine-Ruhr (sa regijom Cologne/Bonn), te Stuttgart.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.deutsche-metropolregionen.org/ |title=Initiativkreise Europäische Metropolregion in Deutschland: IKM |publisher=Deutsche-metropolregionen.org |date= |accessdate=2012-10-29}}</ref>
==== Italy ====
Starting January 1st 2015, there will be 14 "metropolitan cities" in Italy. [[Rome]], [[Milan]], [[Naples]] and other big cores will take in urban zones from their surrounding areas and merge them into the new entities, which will be home for one out of three Italians. The [[Italian Provinces|provinces]] will remain in the parts of the country not belonging to any ''Città Metropolitana''.<ref>http://www.citylab.com/politics/2014/12/how-italy-put-cities-in-charge/383719/</ref>
 
==== DenmarkItalija ====
Počinjući sa 1. januarom 2015, postoji 14 "metropolitanskih gradova" u Italiji. [[Rim]], [[Milano]], [[Napulj]] i ostala velika jezgra uzimaju urbane zone sa njihovih okolinskih područja i povezivanje istih u nove entitete, što će viti dom za jednog u tri Italijana. Italijsnake provincije će ostati dijelom država koji ne pripadaju nijednom tzv. ''Città Metropolitana''.<ref>http://www.citylab.com/politics/2014/12/how-italy-put-cities-in-charge/383719/</ref>
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==== Poland ====
{{Main|Metropolitan areas in Poland}}
In Brazil, [[São Paulo]] is the principal metropolis with over 15 million inhabitants. In the larger cities, such as São Paulo and [[Rio de Janeiro]] (6.3 million), [[favelas]] (slums) grew over decades as people migrated from rural areas in order to find work. The term used in [[Brazilian Portuguese]] for a metropolitan area is ''Região Metropolitana''. Others metropolises in Brazil that feature over one million inhabitants include: [[Belém]], [[Belo Horizonte]], [[Campinas]], [[Curitiba]], [[Florianópolis]], [[Fortaleza]], [[Goiânia]], [[João Pessoa, Paraíba|João Pessoa]], [[Manaus]], [[Porto Alegre]], [[Recife]] etc.
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== Metropola kao kopneno područje ==
 
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