Korejski jezik: razlika između verzija

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(Nova strana: {{Prijevod}}{{Izmjena_u_toku}} '''Korejski''' ({{jezik|ko|한국어/조선말}}, see below) je službeni jezik Južna K...)
 
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'''Korejski''' ({{jezik|ko|[[:en:wikt:한국어|한국어]]/[[:en:wikt:조선말|조선말]]}}, see [[#Names|below]]) je službeni [[jezik]] [[Južna Koreja|Južnoj Koreji]] i [[Sjeverna Koreja|Sjevernoj Koreji]] kao i jedan od dva službena jezika u [[Kina|kineskoj]] [[Yanbian korejska autonomna prefektura|Yanbian korejskoj autonomnoj prefekturi]]. ApproximatelyPostoji otprilike 80 millionmiliona peopleljudi speakširom Koreansvijeta worldwidekoji govore korejski. ForDuže overod ajednog millenniummilenija, Koreankorejski wasje writtenpisan withsa adaptedprilagođenim [[ChineseKineski znakovi|kineskim charactersznakovima]] calledzvanim [[hanja]], complementeddopunnjenim bypomoću phoneticfonetskih systemssistema likekao što su ''[[hyangchal]], [[gugyeol]],'' andi ''[[Idu scriptpismo|idu]]''. In theU 15th15-tom centuryvijeku, anacionalni nationalsistem writingpisanja system calledzvan [[Hangeul]] wasje commissionedopunomoćen byod strane [[Sejong the Greatveliki|Sejonga]], butali itje onlyproširen cametek intou widespread20-tom use in the 20th centuryvijeku, becausezato ofšto theje ''[[yangban]]'' aristocracy'saristokratija davala preferenceprednost forza hanja.
 
SomePojedini historicalhistorijski linguistslingvisti classifyklasifikuju Koreankorejski as akao [[languageizolovani isolatejezik]],<ref name="google15">Song, Jae Jung (2005) [http://books.google.com/books?id=rIk52cJ1vDEC&pg=PA15&dq=Korean+%22Language+isolate%22&ei=_JVSS8LtGI6szASz-r36Cw&cd=1#v=onepage&q=Korean%20%22Language%20isolate%22&f=false "The Korean language: structure, use and context"] Routledge, p. 15<br />Lyle Campbell & Mauricio Mixco. 2007. ''A Glossary of Historical Linguistics''. University of Utah Press. ("Korean, A language isolate", p. 90; "Korean is often said to belong with the Altaic hypothesis, often also with Japanese, though this is not widely supported", pp. 90–91; "...most specialists...no longer believe that the...Altaic groups...are related", p. 7)<br>David Dalby. 1999/2000. ''The Linguasphere Register of the World's Languages and Speech Communities''. Linguasphere Press.<br>Nam-Kil Kim. 1992. "Korean", ''International Encyclopedia of Linguistics''. Volume 2, pp. 282–86. ("...scholars have tried to establish genetic relationships between Korean and other languages and major language families, but with little success", p. 282)<br />András Róna-Tas. 1998. "The Reconstruction of Proto-Turkic and the Genetic Question", ''The Turkic Languages''. Routledge. pp. 67–80. ("[Ramstedt's comparisons of Korean and Altaic] have been heavily criticised in more recent studies, though the idea of a genetic relationship has not been totally abandoned", p. 77.)<br>Claus Schönig. 2003. "Turko-Mongolic Relations", ''The Mongolic Languages''. Routledge. pp. 403–19. ("...the 'Altaic' languages do not seem to share a common basic vocabulary of the type normally present in cases of genetic relationship", p. 403)</ref> while others consider it to be in the controversial [[Altaic languages|Altaic]] language family.<ref>Stratification in the peopling of China: how far does the linguistic evidence match genetics and archaeology? In; Sanchez-Mazas, Blench, Ross, Lin & Pejros eds. Human migrations in continental East Asia and Taiwan: genetic, linguistic and archaeological evidence. 2008. Taylor & Francis</ref> The Korean language is [[Agglutinative language|agglutinative]] in its morphology and [[subject–object–verb|SOV]] in its [[syntax]].
 
==NamesImena==
Korejska imena jezika su bazirana na [[Imena Koreje|imenima za Koreju]] koja se koriste u Sjevernoj i Južnoj Koreji.
The Korean names for the language are based on the [[Names of Korea|names for Korea]] used in North and South Korea.
 
In South Korea, the language is most often called ''Hangungmal (NB written as Hangugmal, pronounced Hangungmal)'' ({{jezik|ko|{{linktext|한국말}}}}), consisting of ''Hanguk'' ({{jezik|ko|{{linktext|한국}}}}, {{ipa|/hɐːnguk̚/}}), the South Korean name for Korea, and ''mal'' ({{jezik|ko|{{linktext|말}}}}, {{ipa|/mal/}}), meaning "speech"; the {{ipa|/k̚/}} at the end of the first word becomes {{ipa|/ŋ/}} by the rules of [[Korean phonology#Consonant assimilation|consonant assimilation in Korean phonology]]. More formally, it may also be called ''Hangugeo'' ({{jezik|ko|[[wikt:한국어|한국어]]}}) or ''Gugeo'' ({{jezik|ko|[[wikt:국어|국어]]}}); literally "national language").